Fortnight 02: 10 January to 24 January 2014

The Communicable Diseases Network Australia holds fortnightly teleconferences to share and evaluate the latest information and developments in communicable diseases surveillance. This report provides a fortnightly summary on diseases of current interest and notifications of Australia's nationally notifiable diseases.

Page last updated: 06 January 2014

Fortnight 02: 11 January to 24 January 2014

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Measles

There have been 26 cases of measles diagnosed this reporting period from Vic (12), WA (5), NSW (3), and two each from NT, Qld and SA. The median age is 27, the age range is from 0-47.

Of the 36 cases YTD:

  • 19 cases were reported as being from overseas,12 of these cases were from the Philippines;
  • 3 have been linked to the multijurisdictional outbreak associated with the imported case from the Philippines who attended the dance competition in Sydney in early December; and
  • Of the remaining 14, information about how they acquired their infection has not been established or not reported at the time of analysis.

Health advice has been issued for travellers visiting the Philippines.

  • A measles outbreak has been reported in the National Capital Region of the Philippines. Two doses of a measles containing vaccine (administered at least four weeks apart) is recommended prior to travel. Travellers with symptoms of measles should seek medical attention. As measles is highly infectious, you should call ahead before attending a health care facility.
  • For more information visit the Smart Traveller website (www.smartraveller.gov.au/zw-cgi/view/Advice/Philippines)

Interpretative Notes

Selected diseases are chosen each fortnight based on either exceeding two standard deviations from the 90 day and/or 365 day five year rolling mean or other disease issues of significance identified during the reporting period. All diseases reported are analysed by notification receive date. Data are extracted each Monday of a CDNA week.

Totals comprise data from all States and Territories. Cumulative figures are subject to retrospective revision so there may be discrepancies between the number of new notifications and the increment in the cumulative figure from the previous period.

  1. The past quarter (90 day) surveillance period includes the date range 27/10/2013 to 24/01/2014.
  2. The quarterly (90 day) five year rolling mean is the average of 5 intervals of 90 days up to 24/01/2013. The ratio is the notification activity in the past quarter (90 days) compared with the five year rolling mean for the same period.
  3. The past year (365 day) surveillance period includes the date range 25/01/2013 to 24/01/2014.
  4. The yearly (365 day) five year rolling mean is the average of 5 intervals of 365 days up to 24/012014. The ratio is the notification activity in the past year (365 days) compared with the five year rolling mean for the same period.

The five year rolling mean and the ratio of notifications compared with the five year rolling mean should be interpreted with caution. Changes in surveillance practice, diagnostic techniques and reporting may contribute to increases or decreases in the total notifications received over a five year period. Ratios are to be taken as a crude measure of current disease activity and may reflect changes in reporting rather than changes in disease activity.

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Table of communicable disease notifications reported to the NNDSS for this fortnight

Please use the scroll bar located at the end of the table below to view all columns.

A copy of the table of communicable disease notifications for this fortnight is also included in the PDF printable version of the NNDSS report.


Notifications of Nationally Notifiable Diseases for the period 11/01/2014 to 24/10/2014

Footnotes:

Ratio of the 90 day prior surveillance period to the past 90 day 5 year rolling mean, or ratio of the 365 day prior surveillance period to the 365 day 5 year rolling mean.

NN = Not Notifiable, NEC = Not Elsewhere Classified

 

Dates used are:

  • Past Quarter (90d prior surveillance period): 27/10/2013 to 24/01/2014
  • Quarterly rolling 5Yr Mean (90d 5Yr Mean):
  • Quarterly rolling 5Yr Mean (90d 5Yr Mean) 1: 27/10/2012 to 24/01/2013
  • Quarterly rolling 5Yr Mean (90d 5Yr Mean) 2: 27/10/2011 to 24/01/2012
  • Quarterly rolling 5Yr Mean (90d 5Yr Mean) 3: 27/10/2010 to 24/01/2011
  • Quarterly rolling 5Yr Mean (90d 5Yr Mean) 4: 27/10/2009 to 24/01/2010
  • Quarterly rolling 5Yr Mean (90d 5Yr Mean) 5: 27/10/2008 to 24/01/2009
  • Past year (365d prior surveillance period): 25/01/2013  to 24/01/2014
  • Yearly rolling 5Yr Mean (365d 5Yr Mean):
  • Yearly rolling 5Yr Mean (365d 5Yr Mean) 1: 26/01/2012 to 24/01/2013
  • Yearly rolling 5Yr Mean (365d 5Yr Mean) 2: 25/01/2011 to 24/01/2012
  • Yearly rolling 5Yr Mean (365d 5Yr Mean) 3: 25/01/2010 to 24/01/2011
  • Yearly rolling 5Yr Mean (365d 5Yr Mean) 4: 25/01/2009 to 24/01/2010
  • Yearly rolling 5Yr Mean (365d 5Yr Mean) 5: 26/01/2008 to 24/01/2009
  State or Territory Totals for Australia Historical 90 Day Period Historical 365 Day Period
Disease ACT NSW NT QLD SA TAS VIC WA This
Reporting
Period
Previous
Reporting
Period
Same
Reporting
Period
Last Year
2013 YTD Past
Quarter
Quarterly
Rolling
5 year
mean
Ratio
Past
Quarter
/5 year
mean
Exceeds
Quarterly
rolling
mean +2
SD by
Past
Year
Yearly
rolling
5 year
mean
Ratio
Past
year
/5 year
mean
Exceeds
Yearly
rolling
mean +2
SD by;
Bloodborne diseases
Hepatitis (NEC) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Hepatitis B (newly acquired) 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 3 7 14 10 34 52.6 0.6 - 171 226.4 0.8 -
Hepatitis B (unspecified) 2 94 1 38 16 0 40 25 216 181 266 359 1,593 1,532.6 1.0 - 6,962 6,701.6 1.0 -
Hepatitis C (newly acquired) 0 0 0 0 3 0 2 12 17 12 17 27 105 98.8 1.1 - 406 406.0 1.0 -
Hepatitis C (unspecified) 7 118 2 117 13 9 58 37 361 286 394 588 2,454 2,411.0 1.0 - 10,336 10,495.2 1.0 -
Hepatitis D 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 4 0 2 4 16 5.6 2.9 8.1 60 35.8 1.7 16.7
Gastrointestinal diseases
Botulism 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 4 0.6 6.7 1.6
Campylobacteriosis 26 NN 6 234 68 64 246 87 731 771 592 1,330 4,579 4,392.2 1.0 - 14,911 16,339.4 0.9 -
Cryptosporidiosis 1 32 2 48 13 0 25 7 128 129 170 235 676 480.4 1.4 - 3,872 2,612.4 1.5 -
Haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) 0 1 0 0 2 0 1 0 4 2 0 5 9 4.2 2.1 - 18 17.4 1.0 -
Hepatitis A 0 2 0 4 1 0 0 0 7 6 7 12 40 73.0 0.5 - 194 281.8 0.7 -
Hepatitis E 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 1 9 8.4 1.1 - 33 38.0 0.9 -
Listeriosis 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 4 7 4 15 21.4 0.7 - 71 79.0 0.9 -
STEC, VTEC 0 7 0 3 2 0 0 0 12 9 7 19 43 35.6 1.2 - 185 102.4 1.8 40.2
Salmonellosis 10 238 11 244 49 16 146 57 771 656 653 1,274 3,733 2,873.8 1.3 106.1 13,079 10,681.0 1.2 -
Shigellosis 1 12 2 11 3 0 20 4 53 54 25 96 216 154.4 1.4 - 616 604.6 1.0 -
Typhoid Fever 0 3 0 0 0 0 3 1 7 7 11 12 35 30.0 1.2 - 143 117.2 1.2 -
Quarantinable diseases
Cholera 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.8 0.0 - 3 4.6 0.7 -
HPAIH 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Plague 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Rabies 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Smallpox 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Viral haemorrhagic fever (NEC) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Yellow fever 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 1.0 0.0 -
Sexually transmissible infections
Chlamydial infection 59 894 55 854 110 54 608 458 3,092 2,397 3,531 5,028 19,972 17,002.8 1.2 - 82,662 72,259.2 1.1 -
Donovanosis 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 1.0 0.0 -
Gonococcal infection 6 210 50 130 50 3 131 98 678 544 632 1,094 4,138 2,615.6 1.6 16.7 15,488 10,420.4 1.5 -
Syphilis - congenital 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.0 0.0 - 6 4.2 1.4 -
Syphilis < 2 years 1 4 0 11 0 1 24 4 45 42 55 74 368 305.8 1.2 - 1,709 1,322.8 1.3 92.3
Syphilis > 2 years or unspecified duration 1 6 0 9 5 0 19 2 42 41 54 75 349 297.8 1.2 8.5 1,678 1,346.2 1.2 221.4
Vaccine preventable diseases
Diphtheria 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0.0 0.0 - 4 0.8 5.0 -
Haemophilus influenzae type b 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 3 3.6 0.8 - 21 19.2 1.1 -
Influenza (laboratory confirmed) 10 127 30 224 87 7 77 46 608 629 348 1,096 5,219 2,335.8 2.2 1,028.2 28,726 30,881.8 0.9 -
Measles 0 3 2 2 2 0 12 5 26 21 0 43 103 20.0 5.2 47.9 191 126.4 1.5 -
Mumps 0 4 0 2 0 0 2 0 8 3 12 10 41 37.2 1.1 - 209 177.0 1.2 -
Pertussis 5 63 1 140 18 7 120 64 418 381 758 709 2,978 9,004.2 0.3 - 11,935 28,503.2 0.4 -
Pneumococcal disease (invasive) 0 7 1 12 2 2 6 3 33 47 25 60 305 321.6 0.9 - 1,566 1,709.2 0.9 -
Poliomyelitis 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Rubella 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 2 0 4 9 6.6 1.4 - 31 39.6 0.8 -
Rubella Congenital 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 2 0.4 5.0 0.5
Tetanus 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 1.2 0.0 - 3 4.0 0.8 -
Varicella zoster (Chickenpox)+ 3 0 6 0 13 0 40 12 74 93 61 132 623 543.0 1.1 - 2,053 1,892.6 1.1 -
Varicella zoster (Shingles)+ 1 0 5 0 48 3 42 32 131 201 178 287 1,199 909.8 1.3 - 4,898 3,357.8 1.5 -
Varicella zoster (Unspecified)+ 5 0 0 244 34 19 78 69 449 464 360 806 2,830 1,879.2 1.5 305.3 10,197 6,982.2 1.5 261.5
Vectorborne diseases
Arbovirus infection (NEC) 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 2 2 0 4 8 3.6 2.2 - 24 12.6 1.9 -
Barmah Forest virus infection 0 12 1 55 0 0 1 4 73 49 137 108 467 459.0 1.0 - 4,174 1,744.4 2.4 1,916.5
Dengue virus infection 0 11 1 38 4 0 2 26 82 55 84 125 345 304.4 1.1 - 1,805 1,121.0 1.6 -
Japanese encephalitis virus infection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 0.0 - 4 0.4 10.0 2.5
Kunjin virus infection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0.2 10.0 0.9 3 1.6 1.9 -
Malaria 0 3 0 5 0 0 0 1 9 11 23 17 81 105.2 0.8 - 405 443.8 0.9 -
Murray Valley encephalitis virus infection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 0.0 - 1 4.6 0.2 -
Ross River virus infection 0 17 32 55 1 0 12 75 192 190 161 341 1,047 897.6 1.2 - 4,355 5,045.0 0.9 -
Zoonoses
Anthrax 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.2 0.0 -
Australian bat lyssavirus 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 1 0.0 0.0 -
Brucellosis 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 7 8.4 0.8 - 22 32.4 0.7 -
Leptospirosis 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 4 1 4 20 24.8 0.8 - 98 142.8 0.7 -
Lyssavirus (NEC) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Ornithosis 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 14 23.4 0.6 - 45 79.6 0.6 -
Q fever 0 8 0 9 0 0 0 0 17 24 4 38 109 80.2 1.4 7.9 486 344.8 1.4 103.0
Tularaemia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.5 0.0 - 0 1.0 0.0 -
Other bacterial infections
Legionellosis 0 2 0 2 5 0 1 3 13 10 22 21 106 83.4 1.3 - 503 322.8 1.6 84.7
Leprosy 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 2 4 2.2 1.8 0.9 14 8.8 1.6 -
Meningococcal disease (invasive) 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 2 3 5 5 31 52.4 0.6 - 145 248.2 0.6 -
Tuberculosis 0 12 0 8 0 0 19 3 42 55 45 90 301 360.4 0.8 - 1,245 1,317.2 0.9 -
Totals 139 1,892 209 2,510 551 185 1,737 1,136 8,359 7,395 8,666 14,152 54,236        225,773       

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