Fortnight 18: 23 August to 05 September 2014

The Communicable Diseases Network Australia holds fortnightly teleconferences to share and evaluate the latest information and developments in communicable diseases surveillance. This report provides a fortnightly summary on diseases of current interest and notifications of Australia's nationally notifiable diseases.

Page last updated: 11 September 2014

Fortnight 18: 23 August 2014 to 05 September 2014

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Influenza (laboratory confirmed)

  • Across most jurisdictions, seasonal influenza activity appears to have peaked in recent weeks with the exception of South Australia and the Northern Territory where activity continues to rise.
  • Nationally influenza A is the predominant influenza virus type. Of those viruses where subtyping data are available, A(H1N1)pdm09 remains the predominant influenza virus type in most jurisdictions. In New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory, influenza A(H3N2) is the most common virus type.
  • The influenza vaccine is likely to provide good coverage against the currently circulating viruses.
  • The severity of the 2014 influenza season appears to be moderate across most jurisdictions. However, more severe activity is noted in NSW, where influenza A(H3N2) is circulating at higher levels and affecting people in older age-groups, which has led to a substantial number of outbreaks in aged care facilities.

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Interpretative Notes

Selected diseases are chosen each fortnight based on either exceeding two standard deviations from the 90 day and/or 365 day five year rolling mean or other disease issues of significance identified during the reporting period. All diseases reported are analysed by notification receive date. Data are extracted each Monday of a CDNA week.

Totals comprise data from all States and Territories. Cumulative figures are subject to retrospective revision so there may be discrepancies between the number of new notifications and the increment in the cumulative figure from the previous period.

  1. The past quarter (90 day) surveillance period includes the date range 08/06/2014 to 05/09/2014.
  2. The quarterly (90 day) five year rolling mean is the average of 5 intervals of 90 days up to 05/09/2014. The ratio is the notification activity in the past quarter (90 days) compared with the five year rolling mean for the same period.
  3. The past year (365 day) surveillance period includes the date range 06/09/2013 to 05/09/2014.
  4. The yearly (365 day) five year rolling mean is the average of 5 intervals of 365 days up to 05/09/2014. The ratio is the notification activity in the past year (365 days) compared with the five year rolling mean for the same period.

The five year rolling mean and the ratio of notifications compared with the five year rolling mean should be interpreted with caution. Changes in surveillance practice, diagnostic techniques and reporting may contribute to increases or decreases in the total notifications received over a five year period. Ratios are to be taken as a crude measure of current disease activity and may reflect changes in reporting rather than changes in disease activity.

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Table of communicable disease notifications reported to the NNDSS for this fortnight

Please use the scroll bar located at the end of the table below to view all columns.

A copy of the table of communicable disease notifications for this fortnight is also included in the PDF printable version of the NNDSS report.


Notifications of Nationally Notifiable Diseases for the period 23/08/2014 to 05/09/2014

Footnotes:

Ratio of the 90 day prior surveillance period to the past 90 day 5 year rolling mean, or ratio of the 365 day prior surveillance period to the 365 day 5 year rolling mean.

NN = Not Notifiable, NDP = No Data Provided, NEC = Not Elsewhere Classified

Dates used are:

  • Past Quarter (90d prior surveillance period): 08/06/2014 to 05/09/2014
  • Quarterly rolling 5Yr Mean (90d 5Yr Mean):
  • Quarterly rolling 5Yr Mean (90d 5Yr Mean) 1: 08/06/2013 to 05/09/2013
  • Quarterly rolling 5Yr Mean (90d 5Yr Mean) 2: 08/06/2012 to 05/09/2012
  • Quarterly rolling 5Yr Mean (90d 5Yr Mean) 3: 08/06/2011 to 05/09/2011
  • Quarterly rolling 5Yr Mean (90d 5Yr Mean) 4: 08/06/2010 to 05/09/2010
  • Quarterly rolling 5Yr Mean (90d 5Yr Mean) 5: 08/06/2009 to 05/09/2009
  • Past year (365d prior surveillance period): 06/09/2013 to 05/09/2014
  • Yearly rolling 5Yr Mean (365d 5Yr Mean):
  • Yearly rolling 5Yr Mean (365d 5Yr Mean) 1: 06/09/2012 to 05/09/2013
  • Yearly rolling 5Yr Mean (365d 5Yr Mean) 2: 07/09/2011 to 05/09/2012
  • Yearly rolling 5Yr Mean (365d 5Yr Mean) 3: 06/09/2010 to 05/09/2011
  • Yearly rolling 5Yr Mean (365d 5Yr Mean) 4: 06/09/2009 to 05/09/2010
  • Yearly rolling 5Yr Mean (365d 5Yr Mean) 5: 06/09/2008 to 05/09/2009
State or Territory Totals for Australia Historical 90 Day Period Historical 365 Day Period
Disease ACT NSW NT QLD SA TAS VIC WA This
Reporting
Period
Previous
Reporting
Period
Same
Reporting
Period
Last Year
2014 YTD Past
Quarter
Quarterly
Rolling
5 year
mean
Ratio
Past
Quarter
/5 year
mean
Exceeds
Quarterly
rolling
mean +2
SD by
Past
Year
Yearly
rolling
5 year
mean
Ratio
Past
year
/5 year
mean
Exceeds
Yearly
rolling
mean +2
SD by;
Bloodborne diseases
Hepatitis (NEC) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Hepatitis B (newly acquired) 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 3 4 6 124 31 46.4 0.7 - 179 216.2 0.8 -
Hepatitis B (unspecified) 2 95 0 40 12 0 27 30 206 228 283 4,453 1,582 1,715.4 0.9 - 6,680 6,759.6 1.0 -
Hepatitis C (newly acquired) 0 1 0 0 0 0 5 7 13 13 17 314 113 97.2 1.2 - 453 416.8 1.1 6.9
Hepatitis C (unspecified) 3 117 6 111 15 7 34 41 334 411 446 6,977 2,515 2,586.2 1.0 - 10,331 10,404.0 1.0 -
Hepatitis D 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 3 31 14 11.0 1.3 - 49 37.6 1.3 -
Gastrointestinal diseases
Botulism 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0.4 0.0 - 1 1.4 0.7 -
Campylobacteriosis 11 NN 3 276 73 34 31 111 539 578 562 12,668 4,400 3,657.8 1.2 - 18,042 16,114.6 1.1 -
Cryptosporidiosis 1 6 0 13 3 1 2 7 33 54 50 1,843 446 364.8 1.2 - 2,491 2,949.8 0.8 -
Haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 17 2 3.4 0.6 - 22 15.6 1.4 -
Hepatitis A 0 3 0 2 0 0 2 2 9 6 17 152 35 51.8 0.7 - 190 270.0 0.7 -
Hepatitis E 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 4 0 39 22 6.8 3.2 7.8 50 35.8 1.4 2.2
Listeriosis 0 0 0 3 1 1 1 0 6 2 1 56 18 14.0 1.3 - 78 78.6 1.0 -
STEC, VTEC 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 5 44 94 25 25.6 1.0 - 142 116.6 1.2 -
Salmonellosis 5 102 7 120 47 3 92 33 409 373 326 11,551 2,827 1,951.4 1.4 291.3 15,425 11,219.6 1.4 1,552.5
Shigellosis 0 6 0 6 1 0 23 2 38 45 11 743 242 118.0 2.1  91.9 930 563.4 1.7 162.7
Typhoid Fever 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 3 82 20 19.0 1.1 - 120 122.2 1.0 -
Quarantinable diseases
Cholera 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 1.2 0.8 - 4 4.6 0.9 -
HPAIH 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Plague 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Rabies 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Smallpox 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Viral haemorrhagic fever (NEC) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Yellow fever 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.3 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Sexually transmissible infections
Chlamydial infection 53 788 14 838 119 67 55 420 2,354 3,040 3,193 58,094 19,826 18,686.8 1.1 - 84,157 75,110.4 1.1 -
Donovanosis 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0.4 0.0 - 1 0.8 1.3 -
Gonococcal infection 1 162 11 97 13 3 0 87 374 470 529 10,610 3,432 2,785.4 1.2 - 15,585 11,309.0 1.4 -
Syphilis - congenital 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 2 1.6 1.3 - 4 4.4 0.9 -
Syphilis < 2 years 0 8 0 12 0 0 5 11 36 56 68 1,176 393 354.2 1.1 - 1,753 1,380.0 1.3 -
Syphilis > 2 years or unspecified duration 2 7 0 5 4 0 12 1 31 83 60 1,216 375 376.0 1.0 - 1,731 1,411.0 1.2 42.5
Vaccine preventable diseases
Diphtheria 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0.0 0.0 - 2 1.0 2.0 -
Haemophilus influenzae type b 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 14 8 6.2 1.3 - 19 18.4 1.0 -
Influenza (laboratory confirmed) 290 4,017 90 2,848 2,059 124 1,334 760 11,522 12,879 4,380 45,803 39,268 22,390.0 1.8 - 58,245 32,930.0 1.8 -
Measles 0 1 0 2 0 0 4 0 7 13 9 309 87 34.0 2.6 - 409 124.0 3.3 196.3
Mumps 1 2 0 1 3 0 0 3 10 9 7 140 45 40.8 1.1 - 195 166.4 1.2 -
Pertussis 19 98 1 66 11 1 152 82 430 472 442 6,434 2,483 5,966.8 0.4 - 10,481 28,992.0 0.4 -
Pneumococcal disease (invasive) 0 18 2 8 12 3 23 10 76 103 100 1,041 570 640.2 0.9 - 1,510 1,706.8 0.9 -
Poliomyelitis 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Rubella 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 12 5 11.6 0.4 - 20 39.0 0.5 -
Rubella Congenital 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 0.0 - 1 0.4 2.5 -
Tetanus 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0.4 0.0 - 1 3.8 0.3 -
Varicella zoster (Chickenpox)+ 1 NN 2 0 3 0 0 8 14 44 104 1,159 340 535.4 0.6 - 1,990 1,960.2 1.0 -
Varicella zoster (Shingles)+ 2 NN 2 0 31 7 1 32 75 111 183 3,450 1,042 900.4 1.2 - 5,157 3,702.6 1.4 -
Varicella zoster (Unspecified)+ 10 NN 0 219 40 11 0 69 349 305 430 7,148 2,473 1,937.8 1.3 - 10,617 7,635.2 1.4 643.2
Vectorborne diseases
Arbovirus infection (NEC) 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 27 4 5.0 0.8 - 32 13.2 2.4 6.9
Barmah Forest virus infection 0 3 1 4 0 0 0 2 10 10 110 625 109 386.8 0.3 - 1,328 2,121.4 0.6 -
Dengue virus infection 0 4 1 3 1 0 0 11 20 38 82 1,276 282 271.8 1.0 - 1,699 1,321.8 1.3 -
Japanese encephalitis virus infection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.6 0.0 - 1 1.0 1.0 -
Kunjin virus infection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 0.0 - 2 1.2 1.7 -
Malaria 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 5 12 15 228 82 114.4 0.7 - 343 428.0 0.8 -
Murray Valley encephalitis virus infection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.4 0.0 - 0 4.4 0.0 -
Ross River virus infection 2 25 3 78 1 0 0 17 126 143 100 3,595 863 627.4 1.4 - 4,664 4,801.2 1.0 -
Zoonoses
Anthrax 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.2 0.0 -
Australian bat lyssavirus 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.2 0.0 -
Brucellosis 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 13 6 5.0 1.2 - 19 29.0 0.7 -
Leptospirosis 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 2 4 6 74 28 27.2 1.0 - 93 138.4 0.7 -
Lyssavirus (NEC) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Ornithosis 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 3 0 22 9 14.0 0.6 - 44 68.6 0.6 -
Q fever 0 2 0 7 0 0 0 0 9 11 23 329 93 88.2 1.1 - 460 367.8 1.3 -
Tularaemia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.5 0.0 -
Other bacterial infections
Legionellosis 0 0 0 2 1 0 4 3 10 16 24 270 93 96.8 1.0 - 461 349.2 1.3 -
Leprosy 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 1 2.6 0.4 - 12 8.6 1.4 0.1
Meningococcal disease (invasive) 0 1 0 2 2 0 1 0 6 7 7 99 48 73.6 0.7 - 144 232.8 0.6 -
Tuberculosis 0 21 0 17 0 0 13 10 61 52 48 892 352 316.2 1.1 0.3 1,305 1,329.0 1.0 -
Totals 403 5,492 143 4,783 2,453 264 1,827 1,761 17,126 19,615 11,694 183,216 84,613        257,672       

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