Fortnight 23: 01 November to 14 November 2014

The Communicable Diseases Network Australia holds fortnightly teleconferences to share and evaluate the latest information and developments in communicable diseases surveillance. This report provides a fortnightly summary on diseases of current interest and notifications of Australia's nationally notifiable diseases.

Page last updated: 21 November 2014

Fortnight 23: 01 November to 14 November 2014

If you are unable to download any of the above files please email OHP Webmaster.

Influenza (laboratory confirmed)

Across all jurisdictions, seasonal influenza activity has continued to decline towards interseasonal levels (figure 1). Nationally, influenza A remains the predominant virus type, although the proportion of influenza B infections has continued to increase in recent weeks across most jurisdictions. Of the subtyped influenza A viruses, there is currently a slightly higher proportion of influenza A(H3N2) detections, compared with influenza A(H1N1)pdm09.

Figure 1: Notifications of laboratory confirmed influenza, Australia, 1 January 2009 to 14 November 2014

Figure 1: Notifications of laboratory confirmed influenza, Australia, 1 January 2009 to 14 November 2014

Source: National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System, by diagnosis date

top of page


Interpretative Notes

Selected diseases are chosen each fortnight based on either exceeding two standard deviations from the 90 day and/or 365 day five year rolling mean or other disease issues of significance identified during the reporting period. All diseases reported are analysed by notification receive date. Data are extracted each Monday of a CDNA week.

Totals comprise data from all States and Territories. Cumulative figures are subject to retrospective revision so there may be discrepancies between the number of new notifications and the increment in the cumulative figure from the previous period.

  1. The past quarter (90 day) surveillance period includes the date range 01/11/2014 to 14/11/2014.
  2. The quarterly (90 day) five year rolling mean is the average of 5 intervals of 90 days up to 14/11/2014. The ratio is the notification activity in the past quarter (90 days) compared with the five year rolling mean for the same period.
  3. The past year (365 day) surveillance period includes the date range 01/11/2014 to 14/11/2014.
  4. The yearly (365 day) five year rolling mean is the average of 5 intervals of 365 days up to 14/11/2014. The ratio is the notification activity in the past year (365 days) compared with the five year rolling mean for the same period.

The five year rolling mean and the ratio of notifications compared with the five year rolling mean should be interpreted with caution. Changes in surveillance practice, diagnostic techniques and reporting may contribute to increases or decreases in the total notifications received over a five year period. Ratios are to be taken as a crude measure of current disease activity and may reflect changes in reporting rather than changes in disease activity.

top of page

Table of communicable disease notifications reported to the NNDSS for this fortnight

Please use the scroll bar located at the end of the table below to view all columns.

A copy of the table of communicable disease notifications for this fortnight is also included in the PDF printable version of the NNDSS report.


Notifications of Nationally Notifiable Diseases for the period 01/11/2014 to 14/11/2014

Footnotes:

Ratio of the 90 day prior surveillance period to the past 90 day 5 year rolling mean, or ratio of the 365 day prior surveillance period to the 365 day 5 year rolling mean.

NN = Not Notifiable, NDP = No Data Provided, NEC = Not Elsewhere Classified

Dates used are:

  • Past Quarter (90d prior surveillance period): 17/08/2014 to 14/11/2014
  • Quarterly rolling 5Yr Mean (90d 5Yr Mean):
  • Quarterly rolling 5Yr Mean (90d 5Yr Mean) 1: 17/08/2013 to 14/11/2013
  • Quarterly rolling 5Yr Mean (90d 5Yr Mean) 2: 17/08/2012 to 14/11/2012
  • Quarterly rolling 5Yr Mean (90d 5Yr Mean) 3: 17/08/2011 to 14/11/2011
  • Quarterly rolling 5Yr Mean (90d 5Yr Mean) 4: 17/08/2010 to 14/11/2010
  • Quarterly rolling 5Yr Mean (90d 5Yr Mean) 5: 17/08/2009 to 14/11/2009
  • Past year (365d prior surveillance period): 15/11/2013 to 14/11/2014
  • Yearly rolling 5Yr Mean (365d 5Yr Mean):
  • Yearly rolling 5Yr Mean (365d 5Yr Mean) 1: 15/11/2012 to 14/11/2013
  • Yearly rolling 5Yr Mean (365d 5Yr Mean) 2: 16/11/2011 to 14/11/2012
  • Yearly rolling 5Yr Mean (365d 5Yr Mean) 3: 15/11/2010 to 14/11/2011
  • Yearly rolling 5Yr Mean (365d 5Yr Mean) 4: 15/11/2009 to 14/11/2010
  • Yearly rolling 5Yr Mean (365d 5Yr Mean) 5: 15/11/2008 to 14/11/2009
State or Territory Totals for Australia Historical 90 Day Period Historical 365 Day Period
Disease ACT NSW NT QLD SA TAS VIC WA This
Reporting
Period
Previous
Reporting
Period
Same
Reporting
Period
Last Year
2014 YTD Past
Quarter
Quarterly
Rolling
5 year
mean
Ratio
Past
Quarter
/5 year
mean
Exceeds
Quarterly
rolling
mean +2
SD by
Past
Year
Yearly
rolling
5 year
mean
Ratio
Past
year
/5 year
mean
Exceeds
Yearly
rolling
mean +2
SD by;
Bloodborne diseases
Hepatitis (NEC) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Hepatitis B (newly acquired) 0 0 0 5 0 0 1 1 7 6 10 156 36 55.2 0.7 - 170 212.8 0.8 -
Hepatitis B (unspecified) 6 107 2 36 18 2 55 35 261 255 285 5,812 1,660 1,715.8 1.0 - 6,645 6,788.2 1.0 -
Hepatitis C (newly acquired) 0 0 0 0 1 0 3 0 4 22 19 394 99 101.2 1.0 - 452 420.2 1.1 -
Hepatitis C (unspecified) 11 133 5 106 23 9 43 51 381 431 413 9,015 2,572 2,612.8 1.0 - 10,270 10,388.6 1.0 -
Hepatitis D 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 40 9 9.6 0.9 - 50 38.0 1.3 -
Gastrointestinal diseases
Botulism 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0.4 0.0 - 1 1.4 0.7 -
Campylobacteriosis 13 NN 20 289 91 50 33 154 650 588 631 15,705 3,777 4,106.4 0.9 - 18,085 16,154.6 1.1 -
Cryptosporidiosis 0 15 4 19 3 1 16 11 69 58 62 2,174 392 284.8 1.4 - 2,521 2,967.4 0.8 -
Haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 21 4 3.4 1.2 - 24 15.2 1.6 -
Hepatitis A 0 5 0 4 0 0 1 0 10 8 1 199 57 72.0 0.8 - 222 266.4 0.8 -
Hepatitis E 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 45 10 5.2 1.9 2.6 52 34.6 1.5 6.5
Listeriosis 0 1 0 2 0 0 2 0 5 5 1 72 23 14.8 1.6 0.4 82 79.4 1.0 -
STEC, VTEC 0 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 4 4 3 112 23 33.0 0.7 - 128 121.0 1.1 -
Salmonellosis 10 118 20 184 29 10 147 43 561 536 471 13,986 3,013 2,188.8 1.4 205.3 15,752 11,392.2 1.4 1,805.1
Shigellosis 0 6 2 9 2 1 15 5 40 47 14 922 265 112.6 2.4 127.2 993 551.0 1.8 300.2
Typhoid Fever 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 1 4 4 3 106 25 23.6 1.1 - 126 121.8 1.0 -
Quarantinable diseases
Cholera 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0.6 0.0 - 2 4.2 0.5 -
HPAIH 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Plague 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Rabies 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Smallpox 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Viral haemorrhagic fever (NEC) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Yellow fever 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Sexually transmissible infections
Chlamydial infection 47 831 57 829 129 52 5 458 2,408 2,555 3,333 71,350 17,000 18,763.0 0.9 - 81,460 76,073.8 1.1 -
Donovanosis 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0.4 0.0 - 1 0.8 1.3 -
Gonococcal infection 2 155 34 102 18 1 75 99 486 619 557 13,688 3,683 2,966.2 1.2 - 15,539 11,660.4 1.3 -
Syphilis - congenital 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 2 0.8 2.5 - 5 4.4 1.1 -
Syphilis < 2 years 0 8 2 6 1 0 9 5 31 46 80 1,544 410 347.8 1.2 - 1,772 1,396.4 1.3 -
Syphilis > 2 years or unspecified duration 2 14 4 9 1 0 34 1 65 59 76 1,610 440 357.6 1.2 4.8 1,795 1,415.2 1.3 67.8
Vaccine preventable diseases
Diphtheria 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 1 0.0 0.0 - 3 1.0 3.0 -
Haemophilus influenzae type b 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 18 6 4.4 1.4 - 20 18.8 1.1 -
Influenza (laboratory confirmed) 19 131 18 210 207 2 123 112 822 1,371 1,069 66,092 38,547 11,360.4 3.4 19,962.1 68,693 34,130.0 2.0 5,515.9
Measles 0 0 1 5 0 0 0 0 6 8 28 329 36 54.0 0.7 - 352 138.8 2.5 87.9
Mumps 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 2 5 1 6 164 37 34.2 1.1 - 186 166.4 1.1 -
Pertussis 16 232 4 33 18 0 249 81 633 691 586 9,510 3,734 7,604.0 0.5 - 10,988 28,705.6 0.4 -
Pneumococcal disease (invasive) 0 11 0 6 3 3 13 5 41 67 52 1,396 480 525.0 0.9 - 1,573 1,690.6 0.9 -
Poliomyelitis 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Rubella 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 14 3 7.8 0.4 - 17 38.6 0.4 -
Rubella Congenital 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 0.0 - 0 0.6 0.0 -
Tetanus 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 1 0.6 1.7 - 2 3.8 0.5 -
Varicella zoster (Chickenpox)+ 2 NN 2 6 9 1 1 18 39 52 102 1,603 391 598.0 0.7 - 1,978 1,968.8 1.0 -
Varicella zoster (Shingles)+ 3 NN 5 2 51 6 1 42 110 151 203 4,336 916 968.6 0.9 - 5,021 3,806.0 1.3 -
Varicella zoster (Unspecified)+ 4 NN 1 212 48 9 0 81 355 313 436 8,793 2,148 2,083.2 1.0 - 10,092 7,863.0 1.3 -
Vectorborne diseases
Arbovirus infection (NEC) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 27 2 3.0 0.7 - 29 13.4 2.2 5.8
Barmah Forest virus infection 0 2 0 8 0 0 1 0 11 15 84 701 88 402.4 0.2 - 898 2,161.4 0.4 -
Dengue virus infection 0 3 0 3 0 0 3 10 19 28 57 1,402 155 214.6 0.7 - 1,560 1,360.6 1.1 -
Japanese encephalitis virus infection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0.2 5.0 - 1 1.0 1.0 -
Kunjin virus infection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0.2 0.0 - 2 1.4 1.4 -
Malaria 0 0 1 3 0 0 0 4 8 11 17 283 67 99.8 0.7 - 331 422.0 0.8 -
Murray Valley encephalitis virus infection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 4.4 0.0 -
Ross River virus infection 0 34 8 112 4 0 11 60 229 185 145 4,519 1,114 663.4 1.7 81.7 5,038 4,794.0 1.1 -
Zoonoses
Anthrax 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.2 0.0 -
Australian bat lyssavirus 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.2 0.0 -
Brucellosis 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 2 1 2 16 4 7.4 0.5 - 19 27.8 0.7 -
Leptospirosis 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 7 81 11 16.0 0.7 - 86 138.8 0.6 -
Lyssavirus (NEC) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Ornithosis 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 3 24 5 19.2 0.3 - 35 67.4 0.5 -
Q fever 0 5 0 7 0 0 0 0 12 17 17 419 102 83.8 1.2 - 471 369.2 1.3 -
Tularaemia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.3 0.0 - 0 0.0 0.0 -
Other bacterial infections
Legionellosis 0 4 0 0 0 1 2 8 15 27 22 363 108 95.2 1.1 - 417 367.2 1.1 -
Leprosy 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 2 0 0 9 2 2.8 0.7 - 10 9.6 1.0 -
Meningococcal disease (invasive) 0 5 0 2 1 0 1 0 9 9 9 146 59 58.4 1.0 - 160 225.0 0.7 -
Tuberculosis 4 9 1 3 0 2 14 2 35 55 54 1,130 329 378.2 0.9 - 1,286 1,332.2 1.0 -
Totals 139 1,832 191 2,219 661 150 861 1,290 7,343 8,255 8,865 238,341 81,847        265,415       

top of page