Risk factors for eye disease and injury: literature review

Table 4.4 Summary of results for eye infections

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Group a

Summary sheet
number b

Do infection control methods reduce the incidence of eye infections? In the case of trachoma, there is conflicting evidence as to whether infection control methods, such as insecticide sprays, antibiotics, health education and face washing, reduce the incidence of the disease.NA231
What impact does use of contact lenses have on the incidence of eye infections? Contact lens wear appears to be a significant risk factor for acanthomoebic keratitis.1229
Does education on use and misuse of contact lens affect the incidence of eye infections?One RCT showed that education did not significantly increase compliance with correct contact lens use in lens users; however, no studies looked specifically at incidence of eye infections.NA230
a Groups are as follows:

Group 1 — Clear association/causality
Group 2 — Possible association/causality (more research needed)
Group 3 — Lack of association/causality
Group 4 — Possible lack of association/causality (more research needed)
Group 5 — Conflicting results
Group 6 — Possible protection
Group 7 — No studies

b Summary sheets number refers to the results tables in Appendix 3.
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