Several areas of diabetes patient self-care behaviour were assessed [Table 5]. Areas addressed included whether the individual was carrying identification indicating that they had diabetes - only 65.4%; only 60.4% of those on insulin or sulphonylureas carried hypoglycaemia therapy; and only 60.8% [80.0% of Type 1 individuals] had told the traffic authority they had diabetes [64.6% of those on therapy other than diet].
Notwithstanding the latter caveat, the 2005 pilot identified three important areas of patient selfcare that were assessed as being deficient; ie Carrying Identification; Carrying Hypoglycemia Therapy; and Informing the Traffic Authority. There has been little improvement since.
Table 5 Self-care
2005 n = 1405
% (Exc Missing)
|Carrying Hypo Therapy *||559||61.6%|
|Traffic Authority Told **||564||40.1%|
|Hypo Aware ***||723||82.3%|
|Contact - Know Who To||1266||90.1%|
|Contact - Phone No ****||1210||95.6%|
2010 n = 2131
% (Exc Missing)
|Carrying Hypo Therapy *||1074||60.4%|
|Traffic Authority Told **||1026||60.8%|
|Hypo Aware ***||1377||79.5%|
|Contact - Know Who To||1956||91.8%|
|Contact - Phone No ****||1883||93.3%|
* only patients on insulin/sulphonylurea
** in 2010 only [not 2005] this represents the percent of ‘Drivers’ who have not told the Traffic Authority [i.e. excludes non-drivers]
*** only patients on insulin/sulphonylurea and a hypo in last 6/12
**** only patients who know who to contact
Overall, amongst patients on insulin or sulphonylureas [and who had had a hypoglycaemic episode in the last 6 months], 79.5% were adjudged to be Hypo Aware [based upon the definition “In last 6 months has the patient always recognised [and self treated] their hypos”]. [See Appendices > ANDIAB2 Data Definitions > for all data definitions].
Individuals were asked whether they knew who to contact “for medical/health advice about their diabetes? [Health Professional or DA]” and of those who did [91.8% of all individuals], over 96% had a Contact Phone Number in order to do so.