You may by now, be familiar with Thorley's (1982) model of alcohol-related problems, which can also be applied to other examples of drug-use. Thorley's model looks at the pattern of drug use and related problems. When working with young people it is important to identify the drug, the type of use and problems related to that use. This model identifies the possible problems associated with dependence, regular use and intoxication. The problems that can emerge with intoxication can overlap with dependence and excessive regular use.

Thorley's model of harm relating to intoxication, regular use and dependency

Text equivalent below for Thorley's model of harm relating to intoxication, regular use and dependency

Text version of Thorley's model

This diagram shows the possible problems associated with dependence, regular use and intoxication. It shows that these three sets of possible problems overlap with each other.

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Dependence

Problems associated with dependence:
  • discomfort when refraining from use
  • inability to rest
  • phobias
  • isolation
  • withdrawal
  • anxiety
  • social problems
  • homelessness
  • loss of control

Regular use

Continued use over a longer period of time can result in the following:
  • medical and health problems
  • child neglect
  • withdrawal
  • family problems
  • relationship problems
  • financial problems

Intoxication

The following problems can arise from a single occasion of use:
  • accidents
  • aggression/violence
  • marital disputes
  • suicides
  • drink driving
  • drowning
  • legal problems
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