Young people arrested for crime have high rates of AOD use. There is a particularly strong link between alcohol and crime. A significant proportion of the following crimes are committed by offenders affected by alcohol at the time of the offence (Williams, 1989):
Both the perpetrators and victims of alcohol-related violence tend to be young men, with most offences taking place late on Friday and Saturday nights, in or near licensed venues. Alcohol-related violence is also more common in rural communities.
Building a profile of your community
Building a profile of your communityIn the following series of exercises you will build a comprehensive picture of the young people and drug issues in your local area. You will need to find out about which drugs are used, where they are used and by whom.
Sources of community information
Workplace learning activity - brainstorm/writing exerciseQuestion - Think about the sort of information you might need to find. Make a list of organisations and services in your local area that might gather relevant statistics.
Answer - Possible sources of relevant data include:
- police data on the extent of drug use and drugrelated crime
- hospital and other health services data on drug overdose and other drug-related health problems
- Coroner's Court data on drug-related mortality
- Ambulance Service data on non-fatal overdose
- alcohol and other drug agency data, such as treatment and referral statistics
- needle and syringe program data
- local court data on drug offences
- school information on student drug use, truancy and so on
- local media stories on drug related issues in the community.
Community locationTop of page
Brainstorm/workplace learning activityQuestion - Where is your community located?
Answer - Research shows that young people from outside capital cities in Australia are more likely to drink alcohol heavily than their city based peers (Williams, 1999). This is probably related to a well entrenched heavy drinking culture in the bush, especially among young men. Rates of tobacco use are also higher in rural areas (National Action Plan on Illicit Drugs, 2001).
Community cultural makeupQuestion - What is the cultural makeup of your community? (You can usually get this information from your local council, library or Australian Bureau of Statistics)
Question - Does your community include many Indigenous Australians? How does the proportion of Indigenous people in your local community compare to the figures for Australia generally? What are the implications (e.g. agency staffing) for your work?
Culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) groupsQuestion - Does your community include young people from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) groups?
Research conducted in the 1990's by the Drug and Alcohol Multicultural Education Centre in NSW found that there are some distinct differences in AOD use among people (including young people) from cultures where the first language is not English.
Young people with psychological disordersThe results from the Australian Survey of Mental Health and Well Being (1997) Australian Bureau of Statistics indicate that people (including young people) with psychological disorders are more likely to abuse alcohol and other drugs. Among young people in treatment for drug and alcohol abuse, there is a high prevalence of psychological disorders.
These psychological disorders include:
- conduct disorder
- personality disorders
- attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
- post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Workplace learning activityFrom your local Area Health Service, find out how many young people in your local area who suffer from the disorders listed above.
Drug information sourcesQuestion - What sort of drugs are used by young people in your area? There are a large number of resources available for accessing information about patterns and prevalence of AOD use in the general community. Survey reports are a good source of information about drug use. Surveys are conducted by a variety of organisations on a regular basis.Top of page
- Overuse of alcohol in Australia is much less common among people from CALD groups compared to Australian-born and English speaking migrants (Alcohol in Australia, 2001).
- CALD communities which do tend to drink alcohol regularly (eg Italian and Spanish) are more likely to drink in a less harmful pattern (wine daily with meals), compared to the Australian and English tradition of binge drinking in order to get drunk.
- Alcohol overuse is not common among Arabic, Chinese and Vietnamese speaking communities.
Tobacco useResearch by the Drug and Alcohol Multicultural Education Centre in New South Wales found:
- smoking is highest among Arabic speakers (at a higher rate than the general community)
- males in this group are much more likely to smoke than females, but this gender difference reduces with younger people.
- smoking was lowest among Chinese-speaking communities, again with women smoking at much lower levels than men.
Obtaining survey reportsMost survey reports can be downloaded from the Internet - e.g. the Australian Drug Foundation website (www.druginfo.adf.org.au) has a comprehensive list of links to sites where the surveys can be viewed and printed.
Other sources of informationIn addition to survey reports, there are many other sources of information about drug use which including:
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) which conducts and publishes numerous studies relating to patterns and prevalence of AOD use
- mortality and morbidity (death and sickness) data from state and federal health departments
- Australian Institute of Criminology
- police arrest data
- ambulance data
- methadone client urine testing data
- the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC) publishes regular reports on the use, availability and price of illicit drugs
- Australian Institute of Health and Welfare publishes reports on the health of Australians
- Australian customs reports on illicit drug seizures
- Australian Intravenous League (Ivy League) (www.aivl.org.au)