• Primary prevention - The aim of primary prevention is to ensure a problem does not occur in the first place. Primary prevention may be achieved through:

    • community development

    • drug education

    • media-based strategies

  • Secondary prevention - Refers to the identification of a problem in its early stages and intervening to stop further progress of possible problematic drug use.

  • Tertiary prevention - Intervention occurs after a serious problem has already occurred and may be affecting the individual's health, finances, relationships and/or legally. Interventions may include counselling, hospitalisation etc.