Zinberg's (1984) Interaction model provides a simpler version of the youth-focused system approach. It is also useful when trying to understand the relationship between different factors that impact on the drug-using experience. The model identifies three factors:

  • The drug (i.e. the properties of drug(s) consumed)
  • The set (the individual characteristics of the user)
  • The setting (the environment in which the intoxication is occurring).
In recent times the model has been adapted and the above factors are often referred to as drug, individual and environment.

Diagram: Adapted from Zinberg's interaction model of drug use

Text equivalent below for Diagram: Adapted from Zinberg's interaction model of drug use
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Text version of Diagram

The three components that lead to the drug use experience are:
  • the individual;
  • the environment; and
  • the drug.

Summary

Overhead transparency

  • Harm minimisation focuses on reducing harms from AOD use, not the use itself.

  • Not all young people experience problems from their drug use.

  • The context of the young person must be considered.

  • The context of drug use must be considered.
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