The strategies can be used alone in short conversations with young people or in combination within more lengthy or in-depth interactions, depending upon the setting in which the worker is placed.
The techniques include:
- Pros and cons for making change or staying the same (also known as decisional-balancing): a young person is asked to identify some of the good and less good things about making change and staying the same
- Looking forward/future directions: a young person is asked to consider what life might be like for them in the future
- Worst-case scenario/best-case scenario: a young person is asked to think of what the worst and best-case scenarios might be like for them.