Children have small airways, and when food in inhaled or ingested it can easily lead to a blockage of the airway. Children should sit down whenever they are eating, and must always be supervised.
Some food items pose a greater choking risk to young children, and extra care should be taken with these foods. These include:
- hard food that can break into smaller lumps or pieces
- raw carrots, celery and apple pieces, which should be grated, finaly sliced, cooked or mashed to prevent choking
- nuts, seeds and popcorn
- tough or chewy pieces of meat
- sausages and hot dogs, which should be either skinless or have the skin removed, and be cut into small pieces.