1. Self-harm is a behaviour which can occur in many different disorders and situations.
  2. Self-harm may be an attempt at suicide, although not necessarily so.
  3. All self-harm deserves serious assessment. If you are concerned that a member of your family or you yourself are at risk of or have self-harmed then seek help from your family doctor or local mental health services.
  4. Where there is an underlying mental illness, that should be appropriately treated in the expectation of reducing the risk of further self-harm.
  5. Sometimes self-harm is a reflection of a person's distress, independent of mental illness. In such situations social, behavioural and psychotherapeutic approaches are advised.