5.1 Rubbish bins inside the houseThere are several containers which can be used to store rubbish inside a house before it is emptied into the main bin outside the house. These are:
- pedal bins bought from the shop
- plastic buckets or something similar
- plastic shopping bags
If a pedal bin or plastic bucket is used it is a good idea to use a bin liner. This is a plastic bag which is put inside the bin to hold the rubbish. Rubbish liners stop the bin from getting too dirty and make it easier to take out the rubbish. Plastic shopping bags make good liners.
When the bin liner is full of rubbish, it should be tied up tightly before it is put in the outside bin.
Fig. 4.12: Plastic shopping bags can be used to line kitchen rubbish bins.
5.2 Rubbish bins outside buildingsEach home should have an outside rubbish bin with a strong, tight-fitting lid to keep out insects and rain. Sometimes a large plastic bag can be put into the bin first, to act as a liner. These bags not only help stop the bin from getting very dirty, they also make it easy to get rid of the rubbish. It is important to remember to tie bags when they are full.
It is important to stop dogs and other animals knocking rubbish bins over to get to the food scraps. The best way to do this is to raise the rubbish bins off the ground and attach them firmly to a frame or post.
Fig. 4.13: Different types of household rubbish bins.
Bins for use outside the house can be made of metal or plastic. These bins can be bought from a shop or made from old metal drums or other large metal containers. These bins:
- must be strong
- must have a tight-fitting lid which should always be kept on the bin
- should be washed regularly with soapy water and then hosed out
Rubbish bins should be emptied before they are too full, that is, before there is so much rubbish in the bin that the lid cannot close properly. Emptying household bins twice a week is usually often enough. However, bins around the community and near shops may need to be emptied every day.
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Outside the store and other community buildingsMetal rubbish bins should be provided at the store, office, school and around the community.
The store may need to have a bulk bin which can contain large amounts of rubbish. Some examples of rubbish from the store are transport cartons and drums, protective plastic sheeting, old or damaged stock such as canned foods, dairy products, vegetables and cooked meats.
Community rubbish bins should have drain holes in the base (bottom) to allow water to get out. This is because they are not usually fitted with lids.
Fig. 4.14: Community rubbish bins.
5.3 Rubbish disposal guidelinesThe main things to remember for the proper disposal of rubbish are listed below.
- Every house should have its own rubbish bin
- Rubbish bins must have tight-fitting lids
- If possible, the bin should be raised off the ground and be firmly supported by a frame or attached firmly to a post
- Bins must be kept clean to stop germs breeding and to discourage flies. They should be washed after they are emptied and before the next lot of rubbish is put in them
- All food scraps and disposable nappies should be wrapped before they are placed in the bin
- There should be rubbish bins around the community, in the school grounds, and outside the store and office
- Bins should be emptied before there is so much rubbish it overflows onto the ground or the lid cannot be put on properly.
Fig. 4.15: Overflowing rubbish bins attract flies and cockroaches.