Module 5: young people, society and AOD: learner's workbook

Possible answers for writing exercise questions

Page last updated: 2004

Topic 4
Topic 6
Topic 7

Topic 4

4.1 Legal drug use by young people

Question - What might be some of the reasons that many young people tend to use legal drugs such as alcohol and tobacco as their drugs of choice?

Possible answers include:
  • relative low cost
  • easy availability
  • modelling by parents and peers
  • marketing
  • fear of illicit drugs

4.3 Tobacco and alcohol use among young people

Question - What are the most likely places for young people to consume alcohol?

Answer - The top five places where young people consume alcohol are:
  1. at parties
  2. at a friend's house
  3. at home
  4. at licensed premises (e.g. clubs and bars)
  5. in cafes and restaurants.
  • Young women (14-18-year-olds) are more likely to drink at parties, at clubs, at work and in educational institutions (e.g. universities), than are young males. This suggests a more social aspect to their drinking.

  • Young men of the same age are more likely to drink at home, in cars and at friend's houses. However, the most common place for both males and females to drink is at parties.

  • Adults are more likely to consume alcohol at home.
Top of page

4.4 Marketing of alcohol and tobacco to young people

Question - Identify some commercials that target a younger market.

Possible answers include:
  • Archers
  • Bacardi Breezers
  • Midori Illusions
  • Stolleys

4.6 Information sources on AOD use

Question - Think about the sort of information you need to find. Make a list of organisations and services in your local area that might gather relevant statistics.

Possible sources of relevant data include:
  • police data on the extent of drug use and drug-related crime
  • hospital and other health services data on drug overdose and other drug-related health problems
  • Coroner's Court data on drug-related mortality
  • Ambulance Service data on non-fatal overdose
  • alcohol and other drug agency data, such as treatment and referral statistics
  • needle and syringe program data
  • local court data on drug offences
  • school information on student drug use, truancy and so on
  • local media stories on drug-related issues in the community.

4.7 Crime and AOD use

Question - Where are young people most likely to smoke cannabis?

Possible answers include - In order of popularity:
  • friend's house
  • parties
  • own home
  • public places - e.g. park, beach
  • carTop of page

Topic 6

6.1 What is harm minimisation

Question - Does your agency have a policy on harm minimisation? If so, briefly outline the policy. Reflect on any harm minimisation strategies that you currently use in your work with young people. Do you think these strategies work well for the young people that you work with? Consider the reasons for your response.

Answer - Harm minimisation strategies can be categorised into three areas:
  • Harm reduction - strategies that aim to reduce the harm from drugs for both individuals and communities. These strategies do not necessarily aim to stop drug use. Examples include needle syringe services, methadone maintenance, brief interventions and peer education.
  • Supply reduction - strategies aimed at reducing the production and supply of illicit drugs. Examples include legislation and law enforcement.
  • Demand reduction - strategies aimed at preventing the uptake of harmful drug use. Examples include community development projects and media campaigns.
Question - Suppose that a new illicit drug called Mafu has become a problem in your community. It is a type of amphetamine with a range of negative side effects and has been the cause of sudden death in number of new users. You have been appointed to lead the taskforce in tackling the Mafu issue. What factors would you consider in attempting to reduce the harm associated with using Mafu?

Possible factors to be considered include:
  • the different patterns of use discussed in Schaeffer's model (i.e. experimental, recreational, social, regular and dependent)
  • who is your target group and what you want to achieve
  • types of strategies you could use – harm reduction, demand reduction, supply reduction
  • different parts of the system that you could target.

Topic 7

7.3 Key stakeholders in the AOD sector

Question - Can you think of some key stakeholders in your local community?

Some examples of stakeholders include:
  • alcohol and other drug workers
  • police
  • residents
  • drug users or their representatives
  • lawyers
  • local government officers
  • youth workers and the young people they work with
  • hotel licensees
  • pharmacists
  • school teachers
  • general practitioners
  • traders
Top of page

7.4 Legislation that impacts on work with young people

Question - Suggest some ways in which a young person might come to harm in your organisation?

Possible answers include:
  • Physical injury (from an unsafe environment)
  • Physical injury (as a result of violence from other young people or workers)
  • Sexual abuse (by another person or a worker)
  • Infectious disease
  • Misinformation