Altman D, Foster V, Rasenick-Douss L, Tye J. Reducing the Illegal Sale of Cigarettes to Minors. JAMA, Jan 6, 1989, Vol 2261, No.1. 80–83.
Altman D, Rasenick-Douss L, Foster V, Tye J. Sustained Effects of an Educational Program to Reduce Sales of Cigarettes to Minors. American Journal of Public Health, July 1991, Vol. 81, No. 7. 891–893.
Altman D, Carol J, Chalkley C, Cherner J, DiFranza J, Feighery E, Forster J, Gupta S, Records J, Slade J, Talbot B, Tye J. Report of the Tobacco Policy Research Study Group on Access to Tobacco Products in the United States. Tobacco Control, 1992;1 (suppl): s45–s51.
Andrews B, McKay E, Hahn A, and Stephenson J. Cigarette Sales to Juveniles: Retailer Compliance in Dubbo, NSW. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 1994; 4 (1): 13–17.
Australian Bureau of Statistics. National Health Survey, Smoking 1989–90, Canberra, Australia. 1990.
Biglan A, Henderson J, Humphrey D, Yasui M, Whisman R, Black C, James L. Mobilising Positive Reinforcement to Reduce Youth Access to Tobacco. Tobacco Control, 1995; 4: 42–48.
Bridges F, Graves B. Accessibility to Minors of Cigarettes from Vending Machines, Broward County, Florida, US 1996. MMWR, 45–50; 1105, Dec, 1996.
Bjartveit K, Foss OP, Gjervig T. The Cardiovascular Disease Study in Norwegian Countries. Results from the First Screening Smoking, Cough and Phlegm Acta Med Scand 1983 ; 675 (Suppl) :63. Cited in Armstrong B, de Klerk, Shean R, Dunn D and Dolin P Influence of Education and Advertising on the Uptake of Smoking by Children. Medical Journal of Australia, February 5 1990: Vol 152.
Carruther S, McDonald C. The Availability of Cigarettes to Minors in Perth. Tobacco Control, 1995; 4: 49–52.
Centre for Health Promotion and Cancer Prevention Research. Measurement of Public Support in Queensland for Policies to Restrict Smoking, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, 1997.
Chapman S, King M, Andrews B, McKay E, Markham P, Woodward S. Effects of Publicity and a warning Letter on Illegal Cigarettes Sales to Minors. Australian Journal of Public Health, 1994, Vol. 18; No. 1. 39–42.
Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care, National Tobacco Strategy 1999 to 2002–3, Commonwealth of Australia. Publication approval number: 2597.
Department of Human Services, Victoria. Fact Sheet—Community Attitudes to Cigarette Sales to Minors.Western Region Tobacco Project. ww.dhs.vic.gov.au/phd/tobacco/htm.
DiFranza J, Carlson R, Caisse R. Reducing Youth Access to Tobacco. Tobacco Control, March 1992; Vol 1; No.1. 58.
Di Franza J.R. Active Enforcement of Minors Access Laws: A Moral and Ethical Imperative, Tobacco Control, 1995; 4: 5.
DiFranza J, Savageau J, Aisquith B. Youth Access to Tobacco: The Effects of Age, Gender, Vending Machine Locks, and ‘It’s the Law” Programs. American Journal of Public Health, February 1996, Vol: 86. No. 2, 221–224.
English D and Holman C. The quantification of drug caused morbidity and mortality in Australia, 1995 edition, Commonwealth Department of Human Services and Health.
Feighery E, Altman D, Shaffer G. The Effects of Combining Education and Enforcement to Reduce Tobacco Sales to Minors. A study of Four Northern California Communities. JAMA, December 11, 1991. Vol 266. No. 22. 3168–3171.
Forster J, Murray D, Wolfson M et al. The Effects of Community Policies to Reduce Youth Access to Tobacco. American Journal of Public Health, 1998: 88; 1193–1198.
Hill D, White V and Letcher T (1999). Tobacco Use Among Australian Secondary Students in 1996. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health,1999: vol 23; No.3.
Hinds M. Impact of a Local Ordinance Banning Tobacco Sales to Minors. Public Health Reports, 1992; 107 (3): 335–358.
Jason L, Ji P, Anes M, Birkhead S. Active Enforcement of Cigarette Control Laws in the Prevention of Cigarette Sales to Minors. JAMA, December 11, 1991, Vol 266, No.22. 3159–3161.
Junck E, Humphries J, Rissel C. Reducing Tobacco Sales to Minors in Manly:10 month Follow-up. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 1997; 7 (1) 29–34.
Landrine H, Klonoff E, Alcaraz R. Asking Age and Identification May Decrease Minors’ Access to Tobacco. Preventive Medicine, 25, 301–3306 (1996). Article No. 0060.
Lantz P, Jacobson P, Warner K, Wasserman, J, Pollack H, Berson J, Ahlstrom A. Investing in Youth Tobacco Control: A Review of Smoking Prevention and Control Strategies. Tobacco Control, 2000; 9; 47–63.
Laugesan M, Scragg R. Changes in Cigarette Purchasing by Fourth Form Students in New Zealand 1992–1997. New Zealand Medical Journal, 8 October 1999: 112. 379–383.
McMaugh K, Rissel C, Gilmenez E, Rozensteins J. Targeting Retailer Knowledge and Attitudes to Reduce Tobacco Sales to Minors: A Multilingual Campaign. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 1998; 8 (2): 115–120.
Mawkes L, Wood L, Markham P, Walker N, Swanson M, De Klerk N. Choking the supply: Restricting the Sale of Cigarettes to Children in Western Australia. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 1997; 7 (1), 22–28.
NSW Department of Health (1996) Policies and Procedures for the Enforcement of Section 59 of the Public Health Act 1991.
NSW QUIT Campaign. An Evaluation of ‘Sales to Minors—No Proof/No Sale’ Mass Media Campaign in NSW June 1997. Unpublished.
Rigotti N, DiFranza J, Chang Y, Tisdale T, Kemp B, Singer D. The Effects of Enforcing Tobacco—Sales Laws on Adolescents’ Access to Tobacco and Smoking Behaviour. New England Journal of Medicine, October 1997, Vol. 337: 1004–1051.
Report to Consumer Protection Sub-Committee, City of Liverpool (1992–1994).
Sanson-Fisher R W, Schofield M J, See M. Availability of Cigarettes to Minors. Australian Journal of Public Health, 1992. Vol.16, No. 4; 354–359.
Schofield M, Gulliver S, Sanson-Fisher R. Retailer Attitudes on Tobacco Sales to Minors in New South Wales, Australia. Tobacco Control, 1995; 4; 362–366.
Schoenmakers I, Nyhuis A, Rissel C, Chapman S. The Role of Ethnicity in Sales of Cigarettes to Minors. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 1997; 7 (1) 62–66.
Staff M, Hort K, Junck E, March L, Holt D, Humphries J. Can Strategies Aimed at Reducing Sales of Cigarettes to Minors Change Adolescent Smoking Patterns? Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 1997; 7 (2): 118–121.
Staff M, March L, Brnabic A, Hort K, Alcock J, Coles S, Baxter R. Can Non-Proseutory Health Legislation Reduce Smoking Among High School Students? Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 1998; 22 (3); 332–335.
Tang K, Rissel C. Access to Cigarettes and Smoking Behaviour Among a Sample of Year 7 and Year 8 Students. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 1997; 7 (1) 40–45.
Tutt D, Bauer L, Cook D, Edwards C. Reducing Adolescent Smoking Rates. Maintaining High Retail Compliance Results. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 2000: 10 (1) p 20–24.
US Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking: Cancer. A Report of the Surgeon General, Rockville, MD, Public Health Service Office on Smoking and Health 1982. Department of Health and Human Services Publication no PHS 82:50179
US Surgeon General, Preventing Tobacco Use Among Young People: A Report of the US Surgeon General, US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, National Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 1994, Rockville, Maryland.
Wakefield M, Carrangis J, Wilson D, Reynolds C. Illegal Cigarette Sales to Children in South Australia. Tobacco Control, 1992; 1; 114–117.
Western Australian Smoking and Health Program. Survey of Vending Machines Cigarette Sales, 1998.
Wolfson M, Forster J, Claxton M, Murray D. Adolescent Smokers’ Provision of Tobacco to Other Adolescents. American Journal of Public Health, April 1997, Vol. 87, No.4. 649–651.
Top of page