Communicable Diseases Intelligence

Communicable Diseases Intelligence (CDI) is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the Office of Health Protection and Response, Department of Health. The journal aims to disseminate information on the epidemiology, surveillance, prevention and control of communicable diseases of relevance to Australia.

Page last updated: 27 June 2022

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2022 Articles

Editorial

Announcement of a change in CDI’s editorship

CDI Editorial Team || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.31 || Published online: 19/5/2022
Full Text: (Word 72.03 KB) (PDF 192.07 KB)

Letter to the Editor

HIV risk and gonococcal genotype: Opportunities to improve passive surveillance for prompt identification of syndemics?

Sara FE Bell, Stephen B Lambert, Amy V Jennison, Christine JD Guglielmino, Robert S Ware, David M Whiley || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.22 || Published online: 26/4/2022
Full Text: (Word 223.75 KB) (PDF 409.65 KB)

Original articles

Australian vaccine preventable disease epidemiological review series: measles, 2012–2019

Noni E Winkler, Aditi Dey, Helen E Quinn, Davoud Pourmarzi, Stephen Lambert, Peter McIntyre, Frank Beard || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.38 || Published online: 23/6/2022
Full Text: (Word 1.46 MB) (PDF 1.46 MB)

Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of legionellosis in Northern Australia, 2010–2021

Claire Waller, Kevin Freeman, Shereen Labib, Rob Baird || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.34 || Published online: 23/6/2022
Full Text: (Word 249.03 KB) (PDF 533.72 KB)

Public health response following an iGAS outbreak in a residential aged care facility in Queensland

Jai C Van Zeeland, Heshani Rupasinghe, Megan K Young || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.35 || Published online: 23/6/2022
Full Text: (Word 118.28 KB) (PDF 388.4 KB)

How accurately does the Australian Immunisation Register identify children overdue for vaccine doses? A national cross-sectional study

Lauren G Dalton, Kelley N Meder, Frank H Beard, Aditi Dey, Brynley P Hull, Kristine K Macartney, Peter B McIntyre || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.10 || Published online: 19/5/2022
Full Text: (Word 193.4 KB) (PDF 432.93 KB)

SMS reminders to improve the uptake and timeliness of the primary immunisation series in infants: a multi-centre randomised controlled trial

Kerry-Ann F O’Grady, Michelle Kaus, Lee Jones, Gary Boddy, Sheree Rablin, Jack Roberts, Daniel Arnold, Sarah Parfitt, Renee Johnston, Kerry K Hall, Sallyanne Le Gros-Wilson, Kaley Butten, Maree Toombs, Stephen B Lambert || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.15 || Published online: 19/5/2022
Full Text: (Word 215.98 KB) (PDF 652.88 KB)

Two Treponema pallidum strains account for the majority of syphilis infections, including among females, in Queensland, Australia

Emma L Sweeney, Kym Lowry, Mandy Seel, Frashta Rahimi, Julian Langton-Lockton, Cheryl Bletchly, Graeme R Nimmo and David M Whiley || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.26 || Published online: 19/5/2022
Full Text: (Word 719.95 KB) (PDF 1.33 MB)

Scary to get, more scary not to: COVID-19 vaccine acceptance among healthcare workers in Central Queensland, Australia, a cross-sectional survey

Gwenda Chapman, Mahmudul Hassan Al Imam, Arifuzzaman Khan, Nicolas Smoll, Odewumi Adegbija, Michael Kirk, Gulam Khandaker, Kerrie Wiley || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.30 || Published online: 19/5/2022
Full Text: (Word 679.06 KB) (PDF 971.98 KB)

Household transmission of COVID-19 in 2020 in New South Wales, Australia

Anna A Sordo, Andrew Dunn, Evangeline RK Gardiner, Tracie A Reinten, Tracy SF Tsang, Lucy Deng, Bette C Liu || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.16 || Published online: 26/4/2022
Full Text: (Word 620.08 KB) (PDF 882.26 KB)

An outbreak of leptospirosis associated with cattle workers during the wet season, in the Northern Territory of Australia, 2021

Damien R Brown, Ruwani Peiris, Claire Waller, Elizabeth M Stedman, Susanne E Fitzpatrick, Vicki L Krause, Anthony DK Draper || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.23 || Published online: 26/4/2022
Full Text: (Word 677.28 KB) (PDF 1.01 MB)

Time taken by individuals with respiratory symptoms to present to primary care: a descriptive study of assessments at Australian General Practitioner-led respiratory clinics

Victoria E Mansell, Theophilus I Emeto, Stephanie Davis || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.20 || Published online: 26/4/2022
Full Text: (Word 190.52 KB) (PDF 494.02 KB)

Nocardiosis in the Illawarra-Shoalhaven region from 2010 to 2019

Darcy Gray, Simeon Crawford, Peter Newton || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.7 || Published online: 16/02/2022
Full Text: (Word 1.31 MB) (PDF 1020.26 KB)

Utilisation of antimicrobials used to treat bacterial pneumonia in principal referral hospitals during the COVID-19 pandemic, Australia, 2020

Erin Connor, Kavita Rasiah, Nadine Hillock || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.6 || Published online: 16/02/2022
Full Text: (Word 987.49 KB) (PDF 841.07 KB)

The 2018 annual cost burden for children under five years of age hospitalised with respiratory syncytial virus in Australia

Natasha K Brusco, Annette Alafaci, Jane Tuckerman, Helena Frawley, Jeremy Pratt, Andrew J Daley, Angela K Todd, Yi-Mo Deng, Kanta Subbarao, Ian Barr, Nigel W Crawford || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.5 || Published online: 16/02/2022
Full Text: (Word 191.71 KB) (PDF 668.81 KB)

Australian vaccine preventable disease epidemiological review series: Pertussis, 2013–2018

Kushani S Marshall, Helen E Quinn, Alexis J Pillsbury, Julia E Maguire, Robyn M Lucas, Aditi Dey, Frank H Beard, Kristine K Macartney, Peter B McIntyre || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.3 || Published online: 27/1/2022
Full Text: (Word 2.9 MB) (PDF 2.64 MB)

Salmonellosis in Australia in 2020: possible impacts of COVID-19 related public health measures

Barbara P F Davis, Janaki Amin, Neil Franklin, Paul J Beggs || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.2 || Published online: 27/1/2022
Full Text: (Word 691.45 KB) (PDF 677.55 KB)

Short reports

Vaccine breakthrough infections in a highly-vaccinated Australian population during a SARS-CoV-2 Delta outbreak

Meru Sheel, Tze Vun Voo, Nevada Pingault, Timothy S Sloan-Gardner, Alexandra Marmor, Martyn D Kirk, Vanessa Johnston, Kerryn Coleman || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.32 || Published online: 23/6/2022
Full Text: (Word 76.75 KB) (PDF 424.91 KB)

Effect of COVID-19 restrictions and border closures on vaccine preventable diseases in Victoria, Australia, 2020–2021

Paraag Bhatt, Janet Strachan, Marion Easton, Lucinda Franklin, George Drewett || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.29 || Published online: 19/5/2022
Full Text: (Word 527.54 KB) (PDF 1.09 MB)

Queensland typhoid cluster linked to twelve-year carriage of Salmonella Typhi

Marguerite Dalmau, Shuo Meng Song, Megan Young, Stephen Lambert, Rikki Graham, Gino Micalizzi, Emma Field, Robert Bell, Amy V Jennison, Russell Stafford || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.27 || Published online: 19/5/2022
Full Text: (Word 133.87 KB) (PDF 387.58 KB)

Defining the peak: Point prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 using randomised sampling

Andre L Wattiaux, Fiona May, Terresa Allen, Tracy Bladen, Brielle Pery, Lisa McHugh, Vicki Slinko, Alice Sykes, Lashan De Silva, Jay Bajra, Ross Andrews, Gulam Khandaker || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.24 || Published online: 26/4/2022
Full Text: (Word 75.43 KB) (PDF 298.3 K)

Emergence of non-choleragenic Vibrio infections in Australia

Michelle Harlock, Stewart Quinn, Alison R Turnbull || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.8 || Published online: 16/02/2022
Full Text: (Word 200.95 KB) (PDF 439.84 KB)

Quarterly reports

Meningococcal Surveillance Australia Reporting period 1 January to 31 March 2022

Monica M Lahra, Sanghamitra Ray and Tiffany R Hogan for the National Neisseria Network || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.36 || Published online: 23/6/2022
Full Text: (Word 72.9 KB) (PDF 277.79 KB)

Australian Gonococcal Surveillance Programme, 1 July to 30 September 2021

Monica M Lahra, Masoud Shoushtari, Tiffany R Hogan || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.19 || Published online: 26/4/2022
Full Text: (Word 73.83 KB) (PDF 307.58 KB)

Meningococcal Surveillance Australia Reporting period 1 October to 31 December 2021

Monica M. Lahra, Masoud Shoushtari and Tiffany R Hogan for the National Neisseria Network || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.21 || Published online: 26/4/2022
Full Text: (Word 72.32 KB) (PDF 271.13 KB)

Meningococcal Surveillance Australia: Reporting period 1 July to 30 September 2021

Monica M Lahra, Masoud Shoushtari, Tiffany R Hogan, for the National Neisseria Network || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.1 || Published online: 27/1/2022
Full Text: (Word 82.42 KB) (PDF 248.31 KB)

Annual reports

Australian Group on Antimicrobial Resistance (AGAR) Australian Enterococcal Sepsis Outcome Programme (AESOP) Annual Report 2020

Geoffrey W Coombs, Denise A Daley, Nicholas W T Yee, Princy Shoby, Shakeel Mowlaboccus, on behalf of the Australian Group on Antimicrobial Resistance || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.17 || Published online: 26/4/2022
Full Text: (Word 95.58 KB) (PDF 509.46 KB)

Australian Group on Antimicrobial Resistance (AGAR) Australian Staphylococcus aureus Sepsis Outcome Programme (ASSOP) Annual Report 2020

Geoffrey W Coombs, Denise A Daley, Nicholas W T Yee, Princy Shoby, Shakeel Mowlaboccus, on behalf of the Australian Group on Antimicrobial Resistance || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.18 || Published online: 26/4/2022
Full Text: (Word 116.4 KB) (PDF 698.06 KB)

Influenza epidemiology in patients admitted to sentinel Australian hospitals in 2019: the Influenza Complications Alert Network FluCAN

Allen C Cheng, Dominic E Dwyer, Mark Holmes, Louis B Irving, Graham Simpson, Sanjaya Senanayake, Tony Korman, N Deborah Friedman, Louise Cooley, Peter Wark, Anna Holwell, Simon Bowler, John W Upham, Daniel M Fatovich, Grant W Waterer, Kristine Macartney, Christopher C Blyth, Nigel Crawford, Jim Buttery, Helen S Marshall, Julia E Clark, Joshua Francis, Tom Kotsimbos, Paul M Kelly || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.14 || Published online: 26/4/2022
Full Text: (Word 430.74 KB) (PDF 813.8 KB)

Australian Group on Antimicrobial Resistance (AGAR) Australian Gram-negative Sepsis Outcome Programme (GnSOP) Annual Report 2020

Jan M Bell, Alicia Fajardo Lubian, Sally R Partridge, Thomas Gottlieb, Jonathan Iredell, Denise A Daley, Geoffrey W Coombs || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.11 || Published online: 28/03/2022
Full Text: (Word 100 KB) (PDF 521.94 KB)

Surveillance for severe influenza and COVID-19 in patients admitted to sentinel Australian hospitals in 2020: the Influenza Complications Alert Network (FluCAN)

Husna Begum, Dominic E Dwyer, Mark Holmes, Louis B Irving, Graham Simpson, Sanjaya Senanayake, Tony Korman, N Deborah Friedman, Louise Cooley, Peter Wark, Simon Bowler, Jen Kok, John W Upham, Daniel M Fatovich, Grant W Waterer, Kristine Macartney, Christopher C Blyth, Nigel Crawford, Jim Buttery, Helen S Marshall, Julia E Clark, Joshua R Francis, Tom Kotsimbos, Paul M Kelly, Allen C Cheng || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.13 || Published online: 28/03/2022
Full Text: (Word 890.74 KB) (PDF 707.28 KB)

Multi-year reports

Summary of National Surveillance Data on Vaccine Preventable Diseases in Australia, 2016-2018 Final Report

Cyra Patel, Aditi Dey, Han Wang, Peter McIntyre, Kristine Macartney, Frank Beard || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.28 || Published online: 23/6/2022
Full Text: (Word 4.27 MB) (PDF 2.23 MB)

Report of the National Influenza Surveillance Scheme, 2011 to 2018

Communicable Disease Epidemiology and Surveillance Section || https://doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2022.46.12 || Published online: 28/03/2022
Full Text: (Word 4.09 MB) (PDF 1.11 MB)

About Communicable Diseases Intelligence

Aims

Communicable Diseases Intelligence (CDI) is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the Office of Health Protection and Response, Department of Health. The journal aims to disseminate information on the epidemiology, surveillance, prevention and control of communicable diseases of relevance to Australia.

Correspondence

Correspondence should be sent to: cdi.editor@health.gov.au

Available file formats and accessibility

CDI is published electronically only and is available in two formats from this website; Adobe Acrobat - Portable Document Format (PDF) and – depending on publication date – accessible Microsoft® Word or HTML format.

Indexing

CDI is listed on MEDLINE and indexed by PubMed, an online searchable index of published articles and authors. CDI is also available full-text on the Global Health database (CABI) and on the Elsevier services EMBASE and Scopus.

Access model

CDI is open access. All articles are published and made available free of charge. CDI does not mail out hard copies of articles.

ISSN

ISSN: 2209-6051 (Online)

Disclaimer

Opinions expressed in Communicable Diseases Intelligence are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the Australian Government Department of Health or the Communicable Diseases Network Australia. Data may be subject to revision.

Editorial team

The editorial team consists of the editor, deputy editor, and a designer. The editorial team is supported by an Editorial Advisory Board (EAB).

Editor:Jennie Hood and Noel Lally
Deputy Editor:
Simon Petrie
Design and Production: Kasra Yousefi

Editorial advisory board

The role of the CDI Editorial Advisory Board (EAB) is to:

  • provide expert advice to the CDI editorial team; advocate for CDI in the broader community;
  • serve as a critical sounding board for the editorial team on editorial ideas and themes;
  • provide ideas for features and news and thoughts on current trends; and provide constructive feedback on published issues.
David Durrheim
Mark Ferson
John Kaldor
Martyn Kirk
Linda Selvey

Information for authors

CDI encourages submissions from practitioners in all disciplines across the public health field. Advanced trainees and postgraduate students are also encouraged to submit to CDI. CDI publishes original articles, systematic reviews, short reports, surveillance reports, systematic reviews, letters to the editor, policy / guidelines, notices to readers, and editorials. Original articles, short reports and systematic reviews are peer-reviewed. If you are interested in becoming a reviewer for CDI please email the CDI Editorial Team (cdi.editor@health.gov.au) with your details and areas of expertise. More information about article types is available on the Instructions for Authors page. To ensure efficient handling of your manuscript, please adhere to the submission guidelines.

History

The journal has been published quarterly since 2001. Hard copy printing ceased in 2011. CDI does not mail out hard copies of articles.

CDI has been published as a bulletin and later a journal since 1977, initially as a fortnightly typewritten bulletin. CDI became a professionally printed publication in 1991. In mid-1992 parts of CDI became available electronically. Online reproduction of the articles in HTML and PDF formats began in 1997. In 2018, CDI moved away from publishing four quarterly issues per year to an online-first, per-article publication model. Previous issues are freely available under the following existing structure.

This table is a guide for finding past CDI articles and their available file format(s) based on their publication timeframe. For articles that published before 1997 (i.e. pre online publication), please contact us using the email cdi.editor@health.gov.au for a scanned copy.
Timeframe Publication model File formats Access
Jan 2018-Present Yearly volumes containing individual articles Accessible PDF and MS-Word Online
1997-2017 Yearly volumes divided to 4 quarterly issues Accessible PDF and HTML Online – use sidebar to browse the volumes
1978-1997 (Pre-Internet) Yearly volumes divided to 4 quarterly issues, Bulletins Scanned Image Per request by email to cdi.editor@health.gov.au