This extract of the NNDSS annual report 2010 was published in Communicable Diseases Intelligence Vol 36 No 1 March 2012. A print friendly full version may be downloaded as a PDF 1862 KB.
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Human diseases covered by the Quarantine Act 1908, and notifiable in Australia and to the WHO in 2010 were cholera, plague, rabies, yellow fever, smallpox, highly pathogenic avian influenza in humans (HPAIH), severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and 4 viral haemorrhagic fevers (Ebola, Marburg, Lassa and Crimean–Congo).
Cholera, plague, rabies, smallpox, yellow fever, SARS, HPAIH and viral haemorrhagic fevers are of international public health importance. Travellers are advised to seek information on the risk of contracting these diseases at their destinations and to take appropriate measures. More information on quarantinable diseases and travel health can be found on the following web sites:
Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing web site at: http://www1.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/health-pubhlth-strateg-quaranti-index.htm
Smartraveller: The Australian Government’s travel advisory and consular assistance service at: http://www.smartraveller.gov.au/
There were no cases of plague, rabies, smallpox, yellow fever, SARS, HPAIH or viral haemorrhagic fevers reported in Australia in 2010. Table 13 provides information on the occurrence of quarantinable diseases in Australia.
Table 13: Australia’s status for human quarantinable diseases, 2010
Date of last record and notes
|Cholera||Free||Small number of cases are reported annually and related to overseas travel or imported food products24|
|Plague||Free||Last case recorded in Australia in 192325|
|Rabies||Free||Last case (overseas acquired) recorded in Australia in 1990 26|
|Smallpox||Free||Last case recorded in Australia in 193827|
|Yellow fever||Free||No cases recorded on shore in Australia – 5 occasions on which vessels arrived in Australian ports 1892–191525|
|SARS||Free||Last case recorded in Australia in 200328|
|HPAIH||Free||No cases recorded29|
Viral haemorrhagic fevers
|Ebola||Free||No cases recorded|
|Marburg||Free||No cases recorded|
|Lassa||Free||No cases recorded|
|Crimean–Congo||Free||No cases recorded|
There were 3 notified cases of cholera in Australia in 2010, two from New South Wales and one from Western Australia. All were acquired overseas. There were 19 cases of cholera in Australia between 2005 and 2009 (Table 7).
All cases of cholera reported since the commencement of the NNDSS in 1991 have been acquired outside Australia except for 1 case of laboratory-acquired cholera in 1996 and 3 cases in 2006.24
Communicable Diseases Surveillance
This issue - Vol 36 No 1, March 2012
NNDSS Annual report 2010