Immunisation coverage in Australian children: a systematic review 1990-1998 - Tables 10-13

This report, published in Communicable Diseases Intelligence Volume 23 Number 6, 10 June 1999, contains a review on immunisation coverage in Australian children, 1990-1998, by the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register. This section of the report contains the abstract, summary, introduction, background and methods. The full report can be viewed in 7 HTML documents and is also available in PDF format.

Page last updated: 21 June 1999

Susan Lister,1 Peter B McIntyre,1 Margaret A Burgess,1 Eddie D O'Brien2



Table 10. Summary of immunisation status for children at school entry, aged 4-6 years, using selected studies from the review

Study state
Location
Age
Fully immunised (%)*
ABS (1995) (Australia)5 National 6 years 21.5%
Bell et al (1993) (NSW)69 NSW (Western Sydney) 4-6 years 89%
Watt et al (1996) (NSW)96 NSW (Central Coast) 5 years 79%
Roden et al (1992) (NSW)90 NSW (Western Sydney) 5 years 84%
Kempe (1995) (ACT)82 ACT 4-5 years 67%
Kelly et al (1994) (WA)81 Western Australia 4-6 years 80%
Watson et al 1997 (WA)95 Western Australia 4-5 years 80%

* These children were not be eligible for Hib
† 5th dose PT only came in early 1994 and would exclude many of these children


Table 11. Regional studies by vaccine: Population studies only

Study and date
Age coverage estimated
DTP (%) OPV (%) MMR (%) Hib (%) Fully immunised (%)
New South Wales
NSW5 24-35 months
63% (D/T) 59.7% (P)
85.9%
89.2% measles 86.9% mumps 76.3% rubella
48.7%
33.6% inc. Hib 54.2% exc. Hib
Newcastle113 24-35 months
80.9%
95.5%
93%
59.2%
51.1% inc. Hib 77% exc. Hib
Northern Sydney110 21-24 months
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
86% exc. Hib
Western NSW58 2-4 years
84%
89.6%
90.6%
N/A
80.2% exc. Hib
Central Sydney54 18-60 months
N/A
N/A
88.8% measles 91.9% rubella
N/A
N/A
Victoria
Victoria5 24-35 months
58.4% (D/T) 52.4% (P)
88.2%
92.5% measles 92.0% mumps 85.2% rubella
55.6%
34.4% inc. Hib 47.6% exc. Hib
Victoria7 24-35 months
85.3% (DTP)
86.7%
76.0%
85.2%
N/A
Melbourne116 18-36 months
93.1% (DTP/OPV)
see rate for DTP
89.9%
N/A
87.8%
Queensland
Queensland5 24-35 months
58.2% (D/T) 59.5% (P)
86.9%
93.2% measles 92.4% mumps 79.0% rubella
53.6%
33.1% inc. Hib 50.4% exc. Hib
West Moreton109 18 months
95% (12 months)
N/A
N/A
N/A
74% inc. Hib 85% exc. Hib
Darling Downs8 12-18 months
85-96% (DTP/OPV/Hib)
see DTP
81%
See DTP
N/A
Australian Capital Territory
ACT5 24-35 months
62.2% (D/T)60.0% (P)
84.4%
93.3% measles 93.3% mumps 93.3% rubella
55.6%
42.2% inc. Hib 57.8% exc. Hib
ACT13 9 and 24 months
N/A
N/A
N/A
(9m) 68% (24m) 34%
N/A
N/A
Western Australia
WA5 24-35 months
70.4% (D/T)
66.0% (P)
90.3%
91.5% measles 91.1% mumps 91.8% rubella
58.3%
42.5% inc. Hib 58.3% exc. Hib
Northern Territory
NT5 24-35 months
65.4% (D/T)
65.4% (P)
61.5%
99.9% measles 99.9% mumps 99.9% rubella
46.2%
38.5% inc. Hib 53.8% exc. Hib
NT11 12-14 months
89%
87%
91%
79%
75% inc Hib
Darwin10 24-35 months
60%
60%
76%
50%
N/A
Remote NT112 12-24 months
91 (4th dose)
91% (4th dose)
97%
N/A
N/A
South Australia
SA5 24-35 months
57.9% (D/T)
50.8% (P)
89.3%
91.9% measles 90.9% mumps 97.8% rubella
52.8%
31.0% inc. Hib 47.2% exc. Hib
Tasmania
Tasmania5 24-36 months
52.2% (D/T)
47.8% (P)
77.6%
89.6% measles 86.6% mumps 79.1% rubella
40.3%
23.9% inc. Hib 37.3% exc. Hib
Southern Tasmania111 12 months
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
94% inc. Hib

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Table 12. Percentage of children fully immunised with Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis (DTP), Oral Polio (OPV) and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccines by State and Territory assessed at 12 months of age

State
Vaccine Fully Immunised
DTP (%) OPV (%) HIB (%) (%)
ACIR* ABS ACIR* ABS† ACIR* ABS ACIR* ABS§§ ABS**
New South Wales
78%
87%
78%
88%
78%
63%
76%
54%
74%
Victoria
83%
90%
83%
88%
83%
66%
82%
54%
77%
Queensland
84%
79%
85%
83%
85%
52%
83%
41%
62%
South Australia
81%
86%
81%
85%
81%
57%
79%
45%
69%
Western Australia
77%
87%
77%
84%
77%
71%
75%
50%
69%
Tasmania
83%
87%
83%
91%
83%
63%
82%
44%
62%
Australian Capital Territory
86%
87%
85%
87%
82%
69%
82%
57%
71%
Northern Territory
67%
85%
67%
70%
71%
70%
62%
59%
63%
AUSTRALIA
81%
83% - 86%
81%
83% - 86%
81%
55% - 62%
79%
51%
71%

‡ Totals from ABS 1995 range from children aged 7-12 months to children 12-23 months
* ACIR: Assessment date 31/12/97 for cohort of children born between 1/7/96-30/9/96
† Australian Bureau of Statistics: Children's Immunisation Survey, April 1995. Data for children aged 12-23 months.
1994 schedule including Hib
** 1994 schedule excluding Hib

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Table 13. Comparison of ABS immunisation coverage data with overseas studies

Study
Age
DTP (%)* OPV (%)* MMR (%)
(1 dose)
Hib 3
(3 doses)
Fully immunised (%) (exc. Hib)
ABS (1995)5 12-23 months
85.5% (D/T)
86.2% (P)
86.3%
86.8% measles 86.0% mumps 81.4% rubella
62.3%
51.4% inc. Hib 70.8% exc. Hib
  24-35 months
63% (D/T)
57.5% (P)
86.9%
91.5% measles 90.1% mumps 81.1% rubella
52%
34.3% inc. Hib 51.3% exc. Hib
UK (1998)126
(1997 data)
12 months
92.8%
91.7%
N/A
92.6%
  24 months
95.8%
94.3%
90.5%
95.5%
N/A
USA (1998)127
(1997 data)
19 months
95%
91%
91%†
93%
N/A
  35 months
81% (4 doses)
91%
91%
76% (4 DTP/3 OPV/ 1 MCV/3 Hib)
New Zealand (1995)133
(1994 data)
12 months-
18 months
84.1%
84.4%
86.6%
94.1% (Monovalent Hib)
N/A
Canada (1996)130
(1994-96 data)
2 years
87.1% (D) (4 doses) 84.8% (T) (4 doses) 85.9% (P) (4 doses)
89.9%
(3-4 doses)
97.0%
69.3%
N/A

* 3 doses unless stated
† Measles containing vaccine



This article was published in Communicable Diseases Intelligence Volume 23, No 6, 10 June 1999.

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CDI Vol 23, No 6, 10 June 1999

Immunisation coverage in Australian children: a systematic review 1990-1998