Australia's notifiable diseases status, 2010: Annual report of the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System - Results: Quarantinable diseases

The Australia’s notifiable diseases status, 2010 report provides data and an analysis of communicable disease incidence in Australia during 2010. The full report is available in 16 HTML documents. The full report is also available in PDF format from the Table of contents page.

Page last updated: 25 June 2012

This extract of the NNDSS annual report 2010 was published in Communicable Diseases Intelligence Vol 36 No 1 March 2012. A print friendly full version may be downloaded as a PDF 1862 KB.

The full issue of CDI is available as a PDF file (2586 KB) or by individual articles from this issue's table of contents

Results, cont'd

Quarantinable diseases

Human diseases covered by the Quarantine Act 1908, and notifiable in Australia and to the WHO in 2010 were cholera, plague, rabies, yellow fever, smallpox, highly pathogenic avian influenza in humans (HPAIH), severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and 4 viral haemorrhagic fevers (Ebola, Marburg, Lassa and Crimean–Congo).

Cholera, plague, rabies, smallpox, yellow fever, SARS, HPAIH and viral haemorrhagic fevers are of international public health importance. Travellers are advised to seek information on the risk of contracting these diseases at their destinations and to take appropriate measures. More information on quarantinable diseases and travel health can be found on the following web sites:

Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing web site at:

Smartraveller: The Australian Government’s travel advisory and consular assistance service at:

There were no cases of plague, rabies, smallpox, yellow fever, SARS, HPAIH or viral haemorrhagic fevers reported in Australia in 2010. Table 13 provides information on the occurrence of quarantinable diseases in Australia.

Table 13: Australia’s status for human quarantinable diseases, 2010

Date of last record and notes
Cholera Free Small number of cases are reported annually and related to overseas travel or imported food products24
Plague Free Last case recorded in Australia in 192325
Rabies Free Last case (overseas acquired) recorded in Australia in 1990 26
Smallpox Free Last case recorded in Australia in 193827
Yellow fever Free No cases recorded on shore in Australia – 5 occasions on which vessels arrived in Australian ports 1892–191525
SARS Free Last case recorded in Australia in 200328
HPAIH Free No cases recorded29
Viral haemorrhagic fevers
Ebola Free No cases recorded
Marburg Free No cases recorded
Lassa Free No cases recorded
Crimean–Congo Free No cases recorded

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There were 3 notified cases of cholera in Australia in 2010, two from New South Wales and one from Western Australia. All were acquired overseas. There were 19 cases of cholera in Australia between 2005 and 2009 (Table 7).

All cases of cholera reported since the commencement of the NNDSS in 1991 have been acquired outside Australia except for 1 case of laboratory-acquired cholera in 1996 and 3 cases in 2006.24

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