Australia's notifiable diseases status, 2001: Annual report of the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System

The Australia’s notifiable diseases status 2000 report provides data and an analysis of communicable disease incidence in Australia during 2000. This section of the annual report contains the results, including a summary of the data and Table 2 and 3. The full report can be viewed in 25 HTML documents and is also available in PDF format. The 2001 annual report was published in Communicable Diseases Intelligence Vol 27, No 1, March 2003.

Page last updated: 08 April 2003

A print friendly PDF version is available from this Communicable Diseases Intelligence issue's table of contents.


Results

Summary of 2001 data

There were 104,187 communicable disease notifications for 2001 (Table 2). Notification rates per 100,000 population for each disease by state or territory are shown in Table 3. Comparative data for the period 1997 to 2001 are shown in Table 4a. Table 4b presents details on reporting of diseases by states and territories since 1991.

Table 2. Notifications of communicable diseases, Australia, 2001, by state or territory*

Disease
State or territory Aust
ACT NSW NT Qld SA Tas Vic WA
Bloodborne diseases
Hepatitis B (incident)
2
88
3
48
23
22
199
39
424
Hepatitis B (unspecified) †‡
54
4,710
NN
773
310
28
1,899
650
8,424
Hepatitis C (incident)
18
251
-
-
80
7
86
158
600
Hepatitis C (unspecified) †‡§
213
8,439
213
3,156
884
381
4,972
1,328
19,586
Hepatitis D
0
12
0
2
0
0
7
0
21
Hepatitis (NEC)
0
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
2
Gastrointestinal diseases
Botulism
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
2
Campylobacteriosis ||
425
-
277
3,969
2,661
677
5,486
2,629
16,124
Cryptosporidiosis
10
192
248
418
66
79
436
166
1,615
Haemolytic uraemic syndrome
0
2
0
0
1
0
0
0
3
Hepatitis A
14
195
38
120
20
4
102
37
530
Hepatitis E
0
6
0
1
0
0
3
0
10
Listeriosis
1
12
0
20
6
2
10
11
62
Salmonellosis
76
1,647
373
2,201
610
163
1,085
890
7,045
Shigellosis
6
132
103
108
34
6
94
79
562
SLTEC,VTEC
0
1
0
14
27
0
4
3
49
Typhoid
2
32
2
10
3
1
17
17
84
Quarantinable diseases
Cholera
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
4
Plague
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Rabies
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Viral haemorrhagic fever
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Yellow fever
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Sexually transmissible diseases
Chlamydial infection
301
4,451
1,239
5,596
1,402
380
3,924
2,733
20,026
Donovanosis
0
0
13
19
NN
0
0
10
42
Gonococcal infection **
20
1,341
1,424
1,102
208
21
696
1,346
6,158
Syphilis ††
11
502
427
225
20
16
15
205
1,421
Vaccine preventable diseases
Diphtheria
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
Haemophilus influenzae type b
0
9
3
6
3
0
4
1
26
Laboratory-confirmed influenza
14
243
92
392
135
0
177
233
1,286
Measles
0
30
0
11
2
2
83
13
141
Mumps
1
28
1
3
12
2
38
29
114
Pertussis
86
4,435
145
1,634
2,010
106
872
227
9,515
Invasive pneumococcal disease
18
434
97
425
114
61
327
205
1,681
Poliomyelitis
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Rubella ‡‡
1
58
0
134
5
2
60
3
263
Tetanus
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
3
Vectorborne diseases
Arbovirus infection (NEC)
1
15
0
3
0
1
16
0
36
Barmah Forest virus infection
2
398
37
603
6
1
19
75
1,141
Dengue
11
50
43
43
7
1
6
15
176
Japanese encephalitis
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Kunjin virus infection
-
1
2
0
0
0
0
1
4
Malaria
17
153
61
300
35
8
88
50
712
Murray Valley encephalitis
0
0
3
1
1
0
0
1
6
Ross River virus infection
9
717
223
1,569
141
13
345
202
3,219
Zoonoses
Anthrax
0
0
0
0
NN
0
0
0
0
Australian bat lyssavirus
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Brucellosis
0
0
0
17
1
0
1
0
19
Leptospirosis
0
65
4
129
3
5
37
2
245
Ornithosis
1
37
1
0
15
0
68
9
131
Lyssavirus (unspecified)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Q fever
2
139
0
454
16
1
65
19
696
Other bacterial infections
Legionellosis
2
67
3
37
32
3
121
42
307
Leprosy
0
3
0
0
0
0
0
2
5
Invasive meningococcal infection
6
230
13
127
39
23
163
76
677
Tuberculosis
9
415
35
100
51
12
299
68
989
Total
1,333
29,541
5,124
23,772
8,987
2,029
21,827
11,574
104,187

* Analysis by date of onset, except for hepatitis B and hepatitis C unspecified, where analysis is by report date. Date of onset is a composite of three components: (i) the true onset date from a clinician, if available, (ii) the date the laboratory test was ordered, or (iii) the date reported to NNDSS.
† Unspecified hepatitis includes cases with hepatitis in whom the duration of illness cannot be determined.
‡ The analysis was performed by report date.
Includes incident hepatitis C in the Northern Territory and Queensland.
|| Notified as 'foodborne disease' or 'gastroenteritis in an institution' in New South Wales.
Infections with Shiga-like toxin (verotoxin) producing E. coli. (SLTEC/VTEC).
** Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria and Western Australia: includes gonococcal neonatal ophthalmia.
†† Includes congenital syphilis.
‡‡ Includes congenital rubella.
NN Not notifiable.
NEC Not elsewhere classified.
- Elsewhere classified.

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Table 3. Notification rates of communicable diseases, Australia, 2001, by state or territory (rate per 100,000 population)*

Disease
State or territory Aust
ACT NSW NT Qld SA Tas Vic WA
Bloodborne diseases
Hepatitis B (incident)
0.6
1.3
1.5
1.3
1.5
4.7
4.1
2.0
2.2
Hepatitis B (unspecified) †‡
16.7
71.3
NN
21.3
20.5
5.9
39.4
34.1
43.7
Hepatitis C (incident)
5.6
3.8
-
-
5.3
1.5
1.8
8.3
3.8
Hepatitis C (unspecified) †‡§
65.7
127.7
106.5
86.8
58.4
80.6
103.1
69.7
100.5
Hepatitis D
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
Hepatitis (NEC)
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Gastrointestinal diseases
Botulism
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Campylobacteriosis ||
131.1
-
138.5
109.2
175.7
143.1
113.8
137.9
125.2
Cryptosporidiosis
3.1
2.9
124.0
11.5
4.4
16.7
9.0
8.7
8.3
Haemolytic uraemic syndrome
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Hepatitis A
4.3
3.0
19.0
3.3
1.3
0.8
2.1
1.9
2.7
Hepatitis E
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
Listeriosis
0.3
0.2
0.0
0.6
0.4
0.4
0.2
0.6
0.3
Salmonellosis
23.4
24.9
186.5
60.5
40.3
34.5
22.5
46.7
36.2
Shigellosis
1.9
2.0
51.5
3.0
2.2
1.3
1.9
4.1
2.9
SLTEC,VTEC
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
1.8
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.3
Typhoid
0.6
0.5
1.0
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.9
0.4
Quarantinable diseases
Cholera
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Plague
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Rabies
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Viral haemorrhagic fever
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Yellow fever
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Sexually transmissible diseases
Chlamydial infection
92.8
67.3
619.4
153.9
92.6
80.3
81.4
143.4
102.8
Donovanosis
0.0
0.0
6.5
0.5
NN
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.2
Gonococcal infection **
6.2
20.3
711.9
30.3
13.7
4.4
14.4
70.6
31.6
Syphilis ††
3.4
7.6
213.5
6.2
1.3
3.4
0.3
10.8
7.3
Vaccine preventable diseases
Diphtheria
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Haemophilus influenzae type b
0.0
0.1
1.5
0.2
0.2
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.1
Laboratory-confirmed influenza
4.3
3.7
46.0
10.8
8.9
0.0
3.7
12.2
6.6
Measles
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.3
0.1
0.4
1.7
0.7
0.7
Mumps
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.1
0.8
0.4
0.8
1.5
0.6
Pertussis
26.5
67.1
72.5
45.0
132.7
22.4
18.1
11.9
48.8
Invasive pneumococcal disease
5.6
6.6
48.5
11.7
7.5
12.9
6.8
10.8
8.6
Poliomyelitis
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Rubella ‡‡
0.3
0.9
0.0
3.7
0.3
0.4
1.2
0.2
1.3
Tetanus
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
Vectorborne diseases
Arbovirus infection (NEC)
0.3
0.2
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.2
0.3
0.0
0.2
Barmah Forest virus infection
0.6
6.0
18.5
16.6
0.4
0.2
0.4
3.9
5.9
Dengue
3.4
0.8
21.5
1.2
0.5
0.2
0.1
0.8
0.9
Japanese encephalitis
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Kunjin virus infection
-
0.0
1.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
Malaria
5.2
2.3
30.5
8.3
2.3
1.7
1.8
2.6
3.7
Murray Valley encephalitis
0.0
0.0
1.5
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
Ross River virus infection
2.8
10.8
111.5
43.2
9.3
2.7
7.2
10.6
16.5
Zoonoses
Anthrax
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
NN
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Australian bat lyssavirus
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Brucellosis
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
Leptospirosis
0.0
1.0
2.0
3.5
0.2
1.1
0.8
0.1
1.3
Ornithosis
0.3
0.6
0.5
0.0
1.0
0.0
1.4
0.5
0.7
Lyssavirus (unspecified)
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Q fever
0.6
2.1
0.0
12.5
1.1
0.2
1.3
1.0
3.6
Other bacterial infections
Legionellosis
0.6
1.0
1.5
1.0
2.1
0.6
2.5
2.2
1.6
Leprosy
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
Invasive meningococcal infection
1.9
3.5
6.5
3.5
2.6
4.9
3.4
4.0
3.5
Tuberculosis
2.8
6.3
17.5
2.8
3.4
2.5
6.2
3.6
5.1

* Analysis by date of onset, except for hepatitis B and hepatitis C unspecified, where analysis is by report date. Date of onset is a composite of three components: (i) the true onset date from a clinician, if available, (ii) the date the laboratory test was ordered, or (iii) the date reported to NNDSS.
† Unspecified hepatitis includes cases with hepatitis in whom the duration of illness cannot be determined.
‡ The analysis was performed by report date.
Includes incident hepatitis C in the Northern Territory and Queensland.
|| Notified as 'foodborne disease' or 'gastroenteritis in an institution' in New South Wales.
Infections with Shiga-like toxin (verotoxin) producing E. coli. (SLTEC/VTEC).
** Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria and Western Australia: includes gonococcal neonatal ophthalmia.
†† Includes congenital syphilis.
‡‡ Includes congenital rubella.
NN Not notifiable.
NEC Not elsewhere classified.
- Elsewhere classified.


This article was published in Communicable Diseases Intelligence Volume 27, No 1, March 2003.

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