Evaluation of suicide prevention activities

Appendix F – Overarching Program Logic Model

Page last updated: January 2014

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The model details the logic flow-on effect that national strategies and inputs have as they filter down to programme level outcomes. The logic flow of the model describes the strategies/inputs which provide policy direction to shape programme activities/outputs, which subsequently provide short, medium and long term effects on an individual, community and service system level. As a result, the programme outcomes are highlighted as the final outcome of this model.

The following overarching contextual factors influence the model:

  • socioeconomic
  • cultural background
  • policy context
  • related government initiatives (e.g. mental health, family support and protective interventions, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander initiatives, justice, LGBTI supports)
  • rurality
Inclusions of each logical step of the model are as follows:

1. Strategies/Inputs

  • Living is For Everyone (LIFE) Framework
  • National Suicide Prevention Program
  • National Suicide Prevention Action Framework
  • The National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Suicide Prevention Strategy
  • Research into suicide prevention strategies

2. Activities/Outputs

  • Provision and consolidation of suicide prevention resources, information and research
  • Direct Individual Client Services to high risk groups
  • Community Focused Services/Activities for people at risk of suicide
  • Workforce Development and Training in recognising and responding to risk for front line workers, families and community members Top of page

3. Effects (short, medium and long term)


  • Increased opportunities for social connection and participation
  • Improved access to support and care for people feeling suicidal
  • Improved capability to respond at potential tipping points and points of imminent risk
  • Individuals experience local services linking effectively, resulting in seamless service delivery


  • Increased community awareness of what is needed to prevent suicide
  • Improved community strength and resilience
  • Increased understanding of whole of community risk and protective factors, and how best to build resilience of communities and individuals
  • Improved understanding, skills and capacity of frontline workers, families and carers

Service System

  • Improved access to suicide prevention resources and information
  • Systematic, long term structural interventions in areas of greatest need
  • An environment that encourages and supports individual help seeking
  • Increased organisational capacity to respond appropriately to risk of suicide

4. Outcomes

  • Improved individual resilience and wellbeing
  • Reduced incidence of suicidal behaviour in the groups at highest risk
  • Reduced incidence of suicide in the groups at highest risk